All news from Physiology

Snore heavily

The Severe Condition Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

The recurrent vibrations caused by snoring can lead to injuries in the upper airways of people who snore heavily. This, in turn, can cause swallowing dysfunction and render individuals more vulnerable to developing severe condition obstructive sleep apnea. Their ongoing research focuses on the processes behind vibratory damage and healing of the upper airway tract.…

Acute Respiratory

New Noninvasive Ventilation Strategy Benefits Preterm Infants

Preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) face heightened risks of death, critical illness, and prolonged hospitalization, particularly if they progress to develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). To our knowledge, this is the first study comparing NHFOV with NCPAP as postextubation; so respiratory support modes in preterm infants with neonatal ARDS; so Ministry of…

Health Workers

Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring Can Help Health Workers

Worldwide, there are over 3 million stillbirths and approximately 3 million newborn deaths each year, most in low-resource countries. About 2 million of these deaths are due to intrapartum hypoxia. There is a strong association between abnormal fetal heart rate and intrapartum relate deaths, therefore optimal fetal heart rate monitoring can help health workers identify…

Tooth Decay

Genetic Makeup: Predispose People To Tooth Decay

A new study has found genetic makeup does not predispose people to tooth decay, however, the research did find that children with overweight mothers are more likely to have cavities. Estimates that one in three Australian children have tooth decay by the time they start school. Lead researcher Dr. Mihiri Silva, from the Murdoch Children’s…

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's Disease Is A 'Double-prion Disorder'

Two proteins central to the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease act as prions — misshapen proteins that spread through tissue like an infection by forcing normal proteins to adopt the same misfolded shape — according to new UC San Francisco research. Using novel laboratory tests, the researchers were able to detect and measure specific, self-propagating prion…

Radiotherapy

Architectural Distortion on Mammography Based on MR Enhancement

High negative predictive values (NPV) in mammography architectural distortion (AD) without ultrasonographic (US) correlate or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhancement suggests follow-up rather than biopsy may be safely performed; according to a study to be present at the ARRS 2019 Annual Meeting, set for May 5-10 in Honolulu, HI. Enhancement suggests Management of MG-detected AD…

Diabetic macular edema

Diabetic Macular Edema In People With Good Vision

A change to the approach for treating diabetic macular edema may on the way; The study was conducted by the DRCR Retina Network, a multicenter clinical research network funded by the National Eye Institute; part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The study found that people with diabetic macular edema; who still have good…

Gastroenterology

Colon Cancer Proteins and Gene Analysis Uncovers Treatment

A new study analysing both the entire set of genes and all the proteins produced by colon cancer tissues has revealed a more comprehensive view of the tumour. The study; led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and published in the journal Cell, supports the comprehensive characterisation of tumour tissues as a means to…

Older Heart Attack

Low Mobility Predicts Hospital Readmission In Older Heart Attack Patients

Close to 20% of elderly adults who have suffered a heart attack will be readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. Performance on a simple mobility test is the best predictor of whether an elderly heart attack patient will readmitted, a Yale-led study reports. Appearing in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, the study describes the…

Medical genetics

Palate and Lips: Study Shines a Light on Genetic Factors

Cleft lip and palate (CL/P) is the second most common birth defect in the world, affecting 1 in 700 live born babies. While the exact cause of CL/P is not well understood, investigators think it could be the result of a combination of genetics and environment. Cleft lip and palate are splits in the upper…

Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery: Higher Risk Of Pregnancy Complications

Women who have undergone weight-loss surgery appear to at higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy; their babies seem more likely to born prematurely; small for gestational age, have congenital anomalies and be admitted to intensive care, according to the most comprehensive assessment of how bariatric surgery affects pregnancy outcomes; being presented at this year’s…

Risk of CKD

Premature Birth Linked To Increased Risk Of Chronic Kidney Disease

Preterm and early term birth are strong risk factors for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD); from childhood into mid-adulthood, suggests a study from Sweden published. Given the high levels of preterm birth (currently 10% in the US and 5-8% in Europe), and better survival into adulthood, these findings have important public health implications, say…