All news from General Medicine

Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean Diet Protects Against Overeating And Obesity

Eat as much as you want and not gain weight? Sounds too good to be true. But in a study published in the April 23 issue of the journal Obesity, scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine found that nonhuman primates on a Mediterranean diet chose not to eat all the food available to them and…

Immunehaematology

Restores Immunity in Infants With Rare Immunodeficiency Disease

A small clinical trial has shown that gene therapy can safely correct the immune systems of infants newly diagnosed with a rare, life-threatening inherited disorder in which infection-fighting immune cells do not develop or function normally. therefore Eight infants with the disorder; called X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID), received an experimental gene therapy co-developed by…

Curcumin

Possible Therapeutic Effects Of Curcumin On Stomach Cancer

Curcumin is widely used to impart color and flavor to food, but scientists have discovered that this yellow powder derived from the roots of the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa) can also help prevent or combat stomach cancer. The study by researchers at the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP); and the Federal University of Pará…

Soldier Training

Army Publishes New Findings To Support Soldier Training

Researchers recently demonstrated that people’s attitudes about avoiding negative outcomes versus achieving positive outcomes is related to how their performance changes in response to gamified feedback during simulation-based training exercises. The research took place at the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army Research Laboratory, the Army’s corporate research laboratory known as ARL, at its…

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Can Diagnose PTSD By Analyzing Voices

A specially designed computer program can help diagnose post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in veterans by analyzing their voices, a new study finds. Published online April 22 in the journal Depression and Anxiety, the study find that an artificial intelligence tool can distinguish with 89% accuracy between the voices of those with or without PTSD. “Their…

behavioral symptoms

Neuroscientists Reverse: Behavioral Symptoms of Williams Syndrome

Williams Syndrome, a rare neurodevelopmental disorder; that affects about one in 10,000 babies born in the United States, produces a range of symptoms including cognitive impairments, cardiovascular problems, and extreme friendliness, or hypersociability. In a study of mice, MIT neuroscientists have garnered new insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie this hypersociability. They found that…

Children With Asthma

Critical Errors In Inhaler Technique Common In Children With Asthma

In the first study to evaluate inhaler technique in children hospitalized for asthma—the group at highest risk for complications and death from asthma—researchers found that nearly half of participants demonstrate improper inhaler use, which means they routinely were not taking in the full dose of medication. Critical errors in inhaler technique Adolescents most commonly display…

Virology

Molecules Could Trap Viruses Inside A Cell

Viruses are often; used as vehicles for delivery in gene therapy; because they’re; engineered not to damage the cell once they get there; but neglecting to consider; how the virus will exit the cell could have consequences. Some viruses use a molecule called heparan sulfate; to help them attach to cells. The molecule, found in…

Gene-editing technique

Gene-editing Technique: Opens Door for HIV Vaccine

The human body cannot naturally defend itself against HIV—not usually, at least. But in very rare cases, infected individuals generate broadly neutralizing antibodies, or bNAbs, that fight the virus. Now, Rockefeller scientists have devised a way to grant this HIV-fighting power to otherwise average immune cells. Michel C. Nussenzweig, whose work on bNAbs has produced…

Fetal Membranes

Fetal Membranes May Prevent Birth Complications

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London and University College London have developed a new approach to repair defects in fetal membranes which could prevent life-long medical conditions and disabilities with preterm birth. The integrity of the fetal membranes that surrounds the baby in the womb during pregnancy is vital for normal development. Once the…

Biomarker

Liquid Biopsy in Cancer Biomarker Detection And Prenatal Testing

The promise and challenges of liquid biopsy; an emerging, noninvasive method for targeted disease diagnosis; and detection of cancer biomarkers; to enable improved and personalized therapy; is the focus of a new special issue of Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers; a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. Under the leadership of Guest Editor…

irritable bowel syndrome

Microbiome Science May Help Doctors Deliver More Effective

To improve the treatment of children with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); investigators have developed a sophisticated way to analyze the microbial and metabolic contents of the gut. However, a report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, published by Elsevier, describes how a new battery of tests enables researchers to distinguish patients with IBS from healthy…