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Gastroenterology

Vitamin D May Help Fight Colorectal Cancer

A clinical trial called SUNSHINE has found that large doses of vitamin D could significantly slow down the progression of metastatic colorectal cancer. Dr. Kimmie Ng; director of clinical research at Dana-Farber’s Gastrointestinal Cancer Treatment Center in Boston, MA, says that the results of the trial are promising and could lead to new treatment possibilities in the future.…

Macular hole

Closure Of Idiopathic Full-Thickness Macular Hole

Idiopathic macular hole (IMH) is a kind of disease that seriously affects the visual quality of patients, showing obvious central visual loss and visual deformation. The AAO guidelines suggest that stage 2–4 IMHs have a good prognosis after vitrectomy surgery, which can effectively improve the central visual acuity and reduce metamorphopsia. The closure rate after…

Tropical diseases

Modelled Climate Change: Mosquito-borne Virus Transmission

Forecasting the impacts of climate change on Aedes-borne viruses—especially dengue, chikungunya, and Zika—is a key component of public health preparedness. We apply an empirically parameterized model of viral transmission by the vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, as a function of temperature, to predict cumulative monthly global transmission risk in current climates, and compare them with projected risk in 2050…

Transfusion medicine

Urgent Plea for Blood Donor to Help Ill Telford Six Year Old

The family of a six-year-old boy with a rare blood condition is making a desperate plea for potential bone marrow donors to come forward to help save the life of their son. Ihsan Khan of Leegomery spends much of his time in hospital since being diagnosed with aplastic anaemia last month, which affects his blood…

Joints inflammation

Role Of ανβ3 And α5β1 Integrins In Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease with joints inflammation with synovitis, pannus formation and cartilage damage. It involves extreme progressive bone resorption that often ultimately results in articular bone erosion and periarticular bone demineralization. These conditions can impair other non-joint body systems such as chest, nerves, skin and eyes. Moreover, it can also…

Cardiac Device

Patch Testing May Reveal Allergy To Implant Cardiac Device

Contact allergy to implanted devices is rare, but be consider and test for in certain situations, researchers say. When there is clinical concern for infection; so history of prior device extraction; so history of redness at the implant site or negative culture results, patients should be test for device allergy,” Dr. Amber Atwater of Duke University…

Mona Lisa

Pediatric Endocrinologist Gives Iconic 'Mona Lisa' Painting

Leonardo da Vinci’s world-renowned “Mona Lisa” painting of Lisa Gherardini has captivate millions since it was create in the early 1500s, including experts in the medical community. For years, scientists and physicians have studied the discoloration of Gherardini’s skin; so the thickness of her neck, and her enigmatic smile to hypothesize about her health during…

Antipsychotic Treatment

Gene Analysis: Effective Antipsychotic Treatment

An initial gene analysis may yield better outcomes when patients are treated with antipsychotic drugs risperidone and aripiprazole. A novel study shows how the activity of a specific enzyme; which metabolizes the two drugs; affects the individual dose that should give for optimal treatment. The study is in The Lancet Psychiatry and has conducted by…

The challenging paradigms

The Challenging Paradigms of Healthcare in India

If healthcare has recently moved to centre-stage; it is because it has become a political priority in the setting of the upcoming elections. The magnitude of ill-health in India has become too severe to be; ignored. Every political party is keen to address this issue as life-saving and potentially, vote-winning. One just needs to read…

Heart Rate

Midlife Resting Heart Rate Of 75 Plus Beats/Minute

A resting heart rate of 75 beats per minute in mid-life is linked to a doubling in the risk of an early death from all causes-at least among men-reveals research publish in the online journal Open Heart. And an increase in the rate for men in their 50s is associate with a heighten risk of…

Bladder cancer

Personalized Therapy For Metastatic Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which cells grow abnormally and have the potential to spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms include blood in the urine, pain with urination, and low back pain. Similarly, risk factors for bladder cancer include smoking, family history,…

Bioengineers program cells

Bioengineers Program Cells As Digital Signal Processors

Synthetic biologists have added high-precision analog-to-digital signal processing to the genetic circuitry of living cells. However, the research, described online today in the journal Science; dramatically expands the chemical, physical and environmental cues; engineers can use to prompt programmed responses; from engineered organisms. Using a biochemical process called cooperative assembly; Caleb Bashor of Rice University;…