All news from R&D

Research in mice

Sound, Response And Reward Anticipation in Mouse Brain

University of Oregon neuroscientists report that two areas of the mouse brain combine representations of what is heard and anticipated, guiding behavior that leads mice to the best reward.Researchers have known that signals go from the ears to the brain stem, the thalamus and auditory cortex and then onward. What was not; known is how…

Anesthesiology

General Anesthesia Hijacks Sleep Circuitry to Knock You Out

The discovery of general anesthesia 170 years ago was a medical miracle, enabling millions of patients to undergo invasive, life-saving surgeries without pain. Yet despite decades of research, scientists still don’t understand why general anesthesia works. Now scientists think they have discovered part of the answer. In a study published online April 18 in Neuron; a Duke…

Prolonged Concussion

Abnormal Romberg Test Predicts Prolonged Concussion Recovery

When children have had a sport-related concussion, asking them to stand with their feet touching each other and then to close their eyes – the so-called Romberg test – can help gauge their risk of prolonged recovery, new findings show. Abnormal performance on the test within 10 days after injury independently predict longer symptom duration.…

Firearms Safely

Many Older U.S. Gun Owners Don't Store Firearms Safely

Roughly one-third of older people in the U.S. may live in households with guns and a new study suggests that many of those firearms are not store in the safest way: lock and unload. Researchers examine survey data from 4,428 men and women age 65 and older in Washington State. Overall, 1,696 participants, or 39%;…

Global diabetes

Lower Risk For Kidney Events In T2DM With CKD

The worldwide prevalence of chronic kidney disease is one in seven to one in ten adults This pandemic is closely  to a global diabetes emergency.  In 2017, 425 million adults had diabetes; with a projection for a 48% increase to 629 million by 2045. About half of those with diabetes develop chronic kidney disease. Progressive…

Radiation Theranostics

New Radiation Theranostics And Novel RIB-Based Radiolanthanoid

Cancer together with cardiovascular diseases is one of the two most prominent causes for morbidity that burden healthcare systems worldwide. In cancer, the primary tumor is often accompanied by metastases rendering the treatment very complicated. Targeted cancer therapy has, therefore, evolved to provide a mode of therapy; with a high precision and broad applicability enabled…

Australian Space Agency

ASA: The Growth Of The Country’s Civilian Space Industry

The Australian Space Agency (ASA) has released a 10-year plan to guide the growth of the country’s civilian space industry. Therefore the plan lays out a number of ‘strategic space pillars’ that aim to create a competitive environment for industry; international, so leveraging bilateral and multilateral partnerships to make Australian players globally competitive; national, to bring…

Children's Pain

Parent Child Reminiscing Affects Children's Pain Memories

Children who recall pain that is higher than initially report are more likely to report more pain and distress during future pain experiences. These negatively biased memories, form early in life; so set the stage for how individuals cope with pain and approach or avoid medical care into adulthood. Considerable research has show that how…

antibiotic resistant infection

Enterococcus faecalis Causes Antibiotic Resistant Infection

A new study led by a research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear; and Harvard Medical School describes how bacteria adapted to; the modern hospital environment and repeatedly cause antibiotic-resistant bloodstream infections. Infections acquired by hospitalized patients; are more often antibiotic-resistant than those that occur elsewhere; and hospitals invest considerable effort to prevent them. Despite…

Pharmacology

New Way For Treatment of Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Cutting-edge discovery in the lab of Catherine Hunter, MD, from Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago offers a new direction toward treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)  a devastating intestinal emergency that occurs in up to 10% of premature infants. NEC is a leading cause of overall…

Bacteria

Bacteria Associated with Diabetic Wounds: That Do Not Heal

Whether a wound — such as a diabetic foot ulcer — heals or progresses to a worse outcome; including infection or even amputation; may depend on the microbiome within that wound. A new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; found specific strains of the common pathogen Staphylococcus aureus (S.…

Geriatrics

Twin Cities Grappling With Surge in Elderly Homeless

HE NUMBER OF HOMELESS older adults in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota has climbed over the last decade, taxing local service providers’ ability to care for them. In Hennepin and Ramsey counties, which include Minneapolis and St. Paul, there were 738 homeless residents who were 55 or older in 2018, according to a point-in-time count taken in October. Total homeless population That’s roughly 12%…