All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Smoking

Asian Nations in Early Tobacco Epidemic: Study

Asian countries are in the early stages of a tobacco smoking epidemic with habits mirroring; those of the United States from past decades; setting the stage for a spike in future deaths from smoking-related diseases. That’s the conclusion of researchers from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; and the Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center after analyzing 20 prospective cohort studies;…

Medical gnetics

DNA Repair Gene Linked to Male Infertility

A key DNA repair gene known as X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1, or XRCC1, plays a vital role in maintaining genomic stability and is highly expressed in the early stages of sperm cell development (also known as spermatogenesis). To date, however, the exact mechanisms of XRCC1 have been unclear. A recent animal study published in The…

The vagus nerve

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Shows Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

The vagus nerve, historically cited as the pneumogastric nerve, is the tenth cranial nerve or CNX; interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs, and digestive tract. The vagus nerves are paired but are normally referred to in the singular. It is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system in the human body. Upon leaving the medulla oblongata between the pyramid and the inferior cerebellar peduncle; the vagus…

Anesthesiology

New Drug Mimics Benefits of Ketamine for Depression

A new small-molecule drug produced a rapid antidepressant response similar to that of ketamine when tested in mice, a new Yale-led study published April 16 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows. The effects of the drug, called NV-5138, in rodent models mimicked the rapid actions of the anesthetic ketamine, a variation of which, Esketamine, was recently approved by…

Long-term spaceflight

New Insights And Portable DNA Sequencing Tools

Long-term spaceflight causes more changes to gene expression than shorter trips; especially to the immune system and DNA repair systems, according to research by Weill Cornell Medicine and NASA; investigators as part of NASA’s Twins Study; which followed the only set of identical twin astronauts for more than a year. The findings, which published April…

Nuclear medicine

PET Integrated With Computed Tomography in Carcinoma of the Cervix

To determine the impact of FDG-PET/CT in the initial staging of cervical cancer among women with and without HIV and to determine the abilities of FDG-PET/CT metabolic parameters in predicting the presence of distant metastasis We reviewed the FDG-PET/CT images of women with FIGO stage IB2 to IVA carcinoma of the cervix. We compared the…

Outbreak

Malaria Infections: Masking The Emerging Chikungunya Epidemic

Chikungunya virus is rapidly spreading around the world; and encroaching into areas already plagued by malaria; which means that more people are falling ill; with cases of both mosquito-borne infections. That might sound dire; but according to a new study by A*STAR scientists; prior exposure to malaria may help protect against; complications of chikungunya. That…

Gun Violence

Funding To Research That Will Identify Ways To Prevent Gun Violence

The need for funding to support research that will identify ways to prevent gun violence and close loopholes that allow some domestic-violence perpetrators to purchase guns and ultimately reduce firearm-related injuries and deaths tops the list of lobbying efforts by the American College of Physicians (ACP), leaders report. They need data to move forward with…

Prostate cancer

Men Struggle To: Diagnosis And Treatment Of Prostate Cancer

UBC researchers have determined the majority of men struggle when it comes to understanding the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. In terms of health literacy, there is a long history of people saying men are not up to speed. “This includes their knowledge when it comes to understanding prescription drugs and dosages; whether they…

Dermatologists

Dermatologists May Most Prepared To Help Patients With Melanoma

Individuals with early-stage melanoma require information, resources and emotional/mental health-focuse care, all which dermatologists may be best prepare to provide, according to a research letter publish in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas typically occur in the skin,…

Hearing Aids

Study Examines Factors Associated With Low Use Of Hearing Aids

This study examined how common hearing aids were and the factors associated with their use among a group of nearly 1,900 adults (average age 60) of Hispanic/Latino backgrounds with hearing loss. Hispanics are somewhat less likely than non-Hispanics to see a physician, and much less likely to use services provided by health professionals other than…

Women dug addiction

Body Awareness Training Helps Women Recover From Drug Addiction

A novel type of body awareness training helps women recover from drug addiction; according to new research from the University of Washington. People in the study made a marked improvement, and many improvements lasted for a year. It’s the first time the mindfulness approach has studied in a large randomized trial as an adjunct treatment.…