All news from Pulmonary Medicine

Immune cells

The Tumor Microenvironment In A Murine Lewis Lung Cancer

A key pathological feature of solid cancer is the massive mobilization and infiltration of immune cells; into the lymphoid organs and the tumor microenvironment. Solid tumors are known for their ability to recruit and modify immune cells endothelial cells which form the tumor microenvironment. A growing body of evidence suggests that host immune cells with…

Assisted Suicide

New Jersey Enacts Law On Assisted Suicide For Terminally Ill

Gov. Phil Murphy on Friday signed legislation making New Jersey the seventh state to enact a law permitting terminally ill patients to seek life-ending medication. New Jersey will join six other states and the District of Columbia; that have similar laws once it goes into effect in August. Murphy, a Democrat, signed the Medical Aid…

Cigarette

$2.6 Billion Within A Year: Just 1% of Recipients Quit Smoking

Reducing smoking, and its associated health effects, among Medicaid recipients; in each state by just 1% would result in $2.6 billion in total Medicaid savings; the following year; according to new research by UC San Francisco. So, the median state would save $25 million; ranging from $630.2 million in California (if the smoking rate dropped…

Crime victims

Crime Victims Lobby for More Trauma Care, Resources

Crime survivors from around Illinois advocated at the Capitol Thursday for more initiatives; they say will make communities safer and help victims. One focus is on more trauma recovery centers in the state. Currently, there are two in Illinois: one in Chicago, and a pilot program in Peoria. Attorney General Kwame Raoul, Cook County State’s…

Nuclear medicine

Glucose Uptake in Men and Women Imaged With 18F-FDG PET-CT.

Cohort studies show that cognitive dysfunction and both vascular and Alzheimer’s dementia are more common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)To review and compare brain volume and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in brain of individuals age 60 to 70 years with or without type 2 diabetes.We searched 620 medical records for negative 18FDG PET-CT…

Pharmacology

Pibrentasvir is Effective in Individuals With Hepatitis C

Two large ‘real-world’ studies conducted in Germany and the USA have confirmed the high rates of sustained virological response (SVR) observed in controlled clinical studies of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P) involving individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Across the two studies, which are present today at The International Liver Congress 2019 in Vienna. Controlled clinical studies…

Chronic kidney disease

Itchy Skin Affects The Health With Kidney Disease

New research reveals that pruritus, or itchy skin, affects a substantial percentage of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The study, which appears in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology(CJASN); also indicates which patients are more likely to experience pruritus; demonstrates that pruritus may affect the quality of life…

Mitochondria

Mitochondria Is Important For The Health Of Dopaminergic Neurons

The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms. Some cells in some multicellular organisms may, however, lack them. A number of unicellular organisms, such as microsporidia, parabasalids, and diplomonads; have also reduced or transformed their mitochondria into other structures. To date, only one eukaryote, Monocercomonoides, is known to have completely lost its…

Medical genetics

SRC-1 Gene Variants Linked to Human Obesity

Maintaining a healthy body weight is no simple matter. A better understanding of how the body regulates appetite could help tip the scale toward the healthy side. Contributing toward this goal, a team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and the University of Cambridge reports in the journal Nature Communications that the gene SRC-1…

Erectile Dysfunction

Cancer-Related Erectile Dysfunction

Melbourne surgeons have modified a minimally invasive technique to help men regain erectile function; lost after prostate cancer surgery. The surgery had a 71 % success rate with two participants achieving their first erection in 12 years. Published in European Urology, the study is the first to report this procedure, which can restore the ability…

Osteoarthritis of the knee

Stem Cells: Effective Relief From Arthritic Knees

Stem cells collected from the patient’s own bone marrow holds great interest as a potential therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee (KOA) because of their ability to regenerate the damaged cartilage. The results released today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine (SCTM). KOA is a common, debilitating disease of the aging population in which the cartilage wears…

Space Medicine

Twins Study On Scott Kelly Changes The Future Of Space Medicine

Between 2015 and 2016, twins Scott and Mark Kelly lived as far apart from one another as humanly possible. Mark lived out his normal life on earth, playing golf and wandering the planet. Meanwhile, Scott spent a year aboard the International Space Station; 254 miles above Earth. Now, a suite of tests conducted on the Kelly kids,…