All news from Thoracic Medicine

Nonsmokers

Increasing Prevalence Of COPD In Nonsmokers

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually, everyday activities, such as walking or getting dressed, become difficult. Therefore chronic bronchitis and…

Geriatrics

Chronic Diseases Unconsciously Limit Mobility of Older People

Chronic diseases are a key factor limiting the mobility of older people. Usually individuals are conscious of their condition in the case of an acute musculoskeletal disorder that causes pain or functional limitations. However, if the condition has progressed slowly, the gradual restriction of mobility often goes unnoticed. Musculoskeletal disorder “Healthcare professionals should pay attention…

Immune hematology

Lymph Node Cells that may Play Important Roles in Immune Tolerance

Aire expression in the thymus contributes to immune tolerance by eliminating auto-reactive T cells; insufficient elimination causes autoimmune disorders. The Aire gene was thought to be expressed only in the thymus, but recently, researchers reported Aire expression in peripheral lymph nodes. Researchers have now identified the cells expressing Aire in 0.01% of lymph node cells…

medical genetics

Gene to Monkey Genome in Controversial Experiment

A team of researchers working in China has created several transgenic rhesus monkeys by adding a human gene involved in brain growth to the monkey’s genome. In their paper published in the National Science Review; the group describes their work and the testing they conduct on the monkeys after they were born. Bioscientists are making moves…

Sunscreen

Sunscreen Might Lead To Better Blood Vessel Health

A new study suggests that sunscreen protects the skin’s blood vessel function from harmful ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure by protecting dilation of the blood vessels. Perspiration on the skin may also provide protection to the skin’s blood vessels from sun damage. The findings will be present today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS); annual meeting…

Controversial fertility treatment

Controversial Fertility: Birth Of Baby Using DNA From Three People

A team of Greek and Spanish doctors announced the birth of a baby using DNA; from three people after a controversial fertility treatment that has provoked intense ethical debate. The team used an egg from the infertile mother; the father’s sperm and another woman’s egg to conceive the baby boy; transferring genetic material with chromosomes…

brain condition CTE

Scientists Develop Early Test for Brain Condition CTE

When NFL legend Frank Gifford died in 2015 at the age of 84; his family revealed that for years he’d suffered from mental issues; caused by chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE); tied to head trauma experienced during his years of play. CTE was also; thought to contribute to the suicide of retired NFL great Junior Seau…

Teeth whitening

Teeth Whitening: Are Teeth Whitening Kits Safe?

Teeth whitening is amongst one of the most popular procedures in dentistry. Teeth whitening makes teeth appear whiter, stain-free and makes the smile more aesthetically pleasing. Therefore there is a wide range of home-based teeth whitening products like toothpaste, films, and gels. Teeth whitening performed by dentist consists of bleaching agents. These bleaching agents are…

Caregiving family members

Caregiving Not As Bad For The Health As Previously Believed

For decades, articles in research journals and the popular press alike have reported that being a family caregiver; but takes a toll on a person’s health, boosting levels of inflammation and weakening the function of the immune system. Now, after analyzing 30 papers on the levels of immune and inflammatory molecules in caregivers; Johns Hopkins…

General surgery

Global Evidence Detailing Role of Surgery in the Opioids Crisis

Targets to eliminate pain after surgery have driven increases in the use of opioids, and are a major cause of the opioid crisis in the USA, Canada and other countries. For the first time; a new Series of three papers, published in The Lancet, brings together global evidence detailing the role of surgery in the…

Pharmacology

Antibiotics Legitimately Available for Throat Medications

Certain OTC products aimed at treating sore throats contain topical antibiotics, and medications of this type are widely available around the world, including in the UK and many other European countries. This study; commissioned by Adrian Shephard of Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare Ltd; is conduct by researchers from the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at Cardiff University; UK…

Tropical

Molecules with Strong Anti-Zika Virus Potential

The Zika virus is; widely known for causing microcephaly and other brain defects in the fetuses of pregnant, infected women. Currently, there are; no approved antiviral therapies specifically designed to treat Zika; but researchers at the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York, Hunter College, and…