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General medicine

Cancer Use Complementary and Alternative Medicines

A stunning one-third of people with a cancer diagnosis use complementary and alternative medicines such as meditation, yoga, acupuncture, herbal medicine, and supplements. UT Southwestern Medical Center’s Dr. Nina Sanford made the discovery that’s now drawing renewed attention to habits she said cancer patients must disclose during treatment. Dr. Sanford is an Assistant Professor of…

Radio daigniosis

Unpacking the Mysteries of Beatboxing

On the screen, a grainy MRI scan of a human mouth shows a tongue, leaping and curling as a sound like a snare drum rings out. This is a beatboxer in action viewed from a new perspective: inside her mouth. Once heard, never forgotten, beatboxing is a form of vocal percussion in which humans mimic…

Opioid abuse

Focuses On Opioid Addiction Treatment In Teens

Substance use disorders continue to rise at alarming rates among adolescents; with opioid abuse contributing to this significant public health problem. A Penn State researcher and his team will receive over $1.8 million over three years from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to investigate how opioid; use is treating in adolescence. According to principal…

Bioohysics

Ultrasound Aligns Living Cells: In Bioprinted Tissues

North Carolina State University researchers have developed a technique; to improve the characteristics of engineered tissues; by using ultrasound to align living cells during the biofabrication process. “We’ve reached the point where we are able to create medical products; such as knee implants, by printing living cells;” says Rohan Shirwaiker; corresponding author of a paper…

Nuclear medicine

PET Scans Important in Assessing Some Forms of Lymphoma

Lymphomas are cancers of the immune system. They are broadly classified into Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Each of those categories also has several different subtypes. PET scans are an important part of care planning and management for certain types of lymphoma. The scans can help determine cancer stage, treatment response and patient prognosis. They also help direct…

Drug-Related Problems

Drug-Related Problems In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

RA may lead to multiple complications and comorbidities; such as cardiovascular, pulmonary, and neuropsychiatric diseases, infection, and malignancy. The risk of cardiovascular disease is higher by 1.5-fold to 2-fold in RA patients, due to systemic chronic inflammation of RA. According to a previous study, RA patients have two or more comorbidities on average. A recent nationwide…

Gastroenterology

Researchers Discover Pathway Contributing to Fatty Liver Disease

Researchers from Karolinska Institutet have found a protein that is a critical regulator in the development of fatty liver disease in mice, according to a study published in the journal Nature Communications. Analysis of liver biopsies of patients indicate that the identified mechanisms may help explain the differential susceptibility of individual patients to develop more severe stages of…

depressive disorders

Metabolic Differences To Optimize SSRI Dosing In Adolescents

Cytochrome P4502C19 (CYP2C19) is a highly polymorphic gene that encodes an enzyme that metabolizes escitalopram and sertraline, two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs); that are FDA approved for pediatric use and commonly used to treat anxiety and depressive disorders in youth. Using pharmacokinetic (PK) models in adolescents; they sought to model SSRI dosing across CYP2C19…

Boys

Study: Boys Having Sex Too Early

A significant percentage of boys are having sex too early finds a new study. Several factors have cited as the possible cause of such occurrences. The results of the study titled, “Prevalence of Sexual Initiation Before Age 13 Years Among Male Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States. The results reveal that around 3.6…

Smoking

Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels: Deter Some Sales

Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter; some adults from purchasing tobacco products; but the strategy is unlikely to influence those smokers; who are most addicted to nicotine; according to a new RAND Corporation study. Conducted in a one-of-a-kind laboratory; that replicates a convenience store; the study found that the effects of…