All news from Sports Medicine

Marathon

Long-Running Advice: Get Checked Before A Marathon

It was the death heard ’round the running world. In July 1984; acclaimed author and running guru Jim Fixx died of a heart attack while trotting along a country road in Vermont. Overnight, a nascent global movement of asphalt athletes got a gut check Just because you run marathons does not mean you are safe…

Getting back to work after heart attack

Getting Back To Work After A Heart Attack

Heart attack patients with the desire to return to work can do it. That’s the main message of a paper published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Patients who believe they can still do their job and want to go back will make a success…

Hormones

Impact Does Cannabis Consumption Have On Hormones

Within the human body, different systems work together to maintain homeostasis and fulfill their designated responsibilities. In particular, the endocrine system is responsible for producing hormones and being the body’s head of communication. The endocrine system consists of the hypothalamus, pancreas, sex organs, and the following glands: thyroid, pineal, and adrenal. These glands communicate with…

AIDS

STI Incidence Up: After Receipt of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis

Emerging evidence suggests that risk of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs); increases among gay and bisexual men; following initiation of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). To describe STI incidence and behavioral risk factors; among a cohort of predominantly gay and bisexual men; who use PrEP, and to explore changes in STI incidence; following PrEP commencement. The…

Transfusion n medicine

'Kingpin' Stem Cell Help in the Understanding of Cancerous Tumors

The discovery of these ‘kingpin’ cells, named human pluripotent founder cells, along with the process of identifying the cells; is expected to open a new channel of research aimed at better understanding the growth of cancerous tumours and how human stem cells make decisions on what to become or not become. The study is publish today…

NASA's landmark

Study Finds Spaceflight Affects Gut Bacteria

Research from NASA’s landmark Twins Study found that extended spaceflight affects the human gut microbiome. During his yearlong stay on the International Space Station (ISS); astronaut Scott Kelly experienced a shift in the ratio of two major categories of bacteria in his gut microbiome. The diversity of bacteria in his microbiome, however, did not change…

Health policy

A Rare Opportunity for Rare Disease Community

Recent developments have not given the rare disease community much to celebrate. The suspension of the National Policy for the Treatment of Rare Diseases was a rude shock; particularly for those patients who were relying on the money allotted; through the policy for life-saving treatments. A rare disease affects a small percentage of people. Most…

Forensic Technologies

New Forensic Technologies Help Solve Five Missing Persons Cases

The state’s forensic lab handled a record number of cases requiring DNA analysis last year; but its new technologies helped solve five historic missing persons cases. Forensic Science Ireland (FSI) published its annual report for 2018 today, revealing that its case submissions from the Gardaí increased by 10% last year. The lab received more than 16,000 submissions…

Cognitive impairment

Mild Cognitive Impairment: Early Stages Of Kidney Disease

The link between brain dysfunction and advanced kidney disease was first noted in 1930; so it is not a new finding. Experts spoke of ‘dialysis dementia’ or ‘uremic encephalopathy’. What is new, however, is the finding that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may already be present in earlier stages of CKD; affecting approximately one in two…

Obesity

Researchers Relate DNA Methylation Levels to Obesity

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has postulated to increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Adipose tissue (AT) plays an important role in metabolic homeostasis, and AT dysfunction has an active role in metabolic diseases. MetS is closely related to lifestyle and environmental factors. Epigenetics has emerged as an interesting landscape to evaluate…

Vaccine

New Vaccine Against Deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Saudi Arabia and Canada developed a potent and safe vaccine that protects against the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. The findings recently were published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases. MERS was first identified when someone died from the viral infection in…

Stem cells

MSCs from Aged Individuals Acquire A Rejuvenation Signature

Primary mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are fraught with aging-related shortfalls. So, human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived MSCs (iMSCs) have been shown to be a useful clinically relevant source of MSCs that circumvent these aging-associated drawbacks. However, to date, the extent of the retention of aging-hallmarks in iMSCs differentiated from iPSCs; derived from elderly donors; remains…