All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Space medicine

Keynote Speaker: First Woman Of Color In Space Named

Space medicine is the practice of medicine on astronauts in outer space whereas astronautical hygiene is the application of science and technology to the prevention or control of exposure to the hazards that may cause astronaut ill health. Both these sciences work together to ensure that astronauts work in a safe environment. The main objective is to discover how well and for how…

Anatomy

Parvalbumin-containing Cells: Surprising Changes in Blood Volume, Flow

Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia are some of the most common brain disorders; and have association with problems in cells that contain a type of protein; called parvalbumin. These parvalbumin-containing cells account; for almost one-tenth of the cells in your brain; however, relatively little is; known about what parvalbumin cells do. By stimulating mouse brains with…

Erectile Dysfunction Drugs

Side Effects: Erectile Dysfunction Drugs Provides

The phosphodiesterase (PDE) family displays a conserved catalytic phosphohydrolase domain; whose activity is by diverse domain structures and regulatory mechanisms. Because of their association with various pathologies and distinct cellular and subcellular distributions; PDEs are targets of several widely use drugs and remain a major target for drug development. Most structure-activity relationship studies have so…

Nuclear medicine

Technique to Clear Abnormal Tau Protein from Human Neurons

Harnessing a probe used to image the brain in diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease and related forms of dementia; scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have successfully cleared patient-derived brain cells of an abnormal protein associated with dementia and other neurogenerative disorders. The findings; reported in the journal eLife; provide a new tool to…

Depressive disorder

Effect On Brain Connectivity In Patients With Depression

A study lead by Penn Medicine researchers found that childhood trauma is link to abnormal connectivity; in the brain in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paper, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), is the first data-driven study to show symptom-specific; system-level changes in brain network connectivity in…

Glaucoma's Ravages

Early Detection To Forestall Glaucoma's Ravages

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the U.S. and worldwide. More than 3 million Americans suffer from eye disease. If caught and treated early, its progression can significantly slow; but the disease often goes undiagnosed until after noticeable vision loss has occurred and that damage to vision is irreversible. Glaucoma is often caused…

Family medicine

Insurers' Denials of Opioid Coverage Spurs CDC to Clarify Guidelines

People with severe pain from cancer or sickle cell anemia should not be denied coverage for opioid painkillers, a new clarification on federal guidelines states. In the wake of the national opioid epidemic, various medical societies had encouraged doctors to rein in prescriptions for the powerful painkillers. In 2016, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and…

Immunotherapy drugs

NHS Patients With Advanced And Aggressive Kidney Cancer

A combination of immunotherapy drugs will make available to NHS patients with advanced and aggressive kidney cancer on the NHS in England. The drugs, nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy); can now use for previously untreated kidney cancer. The combination has shown to slow the progression of a certain type of kidney cancer compared with standard…

Asthma Clinical Outcome

Qualification Of New Asthma Clinical Outcome

Critical Path Institute’s (C-Path) Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) Consortium announces U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) qualification of two new clinical outcome assessment tools; the Asthma Daytime Symptom Diary (ADSD) and the Asthma Nighttime Symptom Diary (ANSD). The qualification of the ADSD and the ANSD represents a major milestone; for the PRO Consortium and specifically for the Asthma Working…

Mosquito

Do Insecticide-treated Mosquito Nets Harm Sleep Quality?

Between 2015 and 2017, 624 million insecticide-treated mosquito nets were distributed; mostly for free, to reduce malaria, severe disease and death; in regions of the world where malaria is endemic. So, the nets, which serve as a protective barrier for the people sleeping under them have been; proven to help prevent the spread of malaria;…

Hearing Loss

CT And MRI Do Not Change Therapy In Children With Hearing Loss

Imaging studies in children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL) generally don’t yield clinically useful information, according to new findings. There is currently no convincing evidence supporting a strong recommendation for imaging in children who present with USNHL Dr. Fabienne G. Ropers of Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands and colleagues write in JAMA…

General surgery

Robotic Surgery Saves 138-kg Woman

Doctors successfully conducted a robot-assisted surgery on a 56-year-old woman suffering from cancer last week. The surgery is complicate since the patient weighed 138 kg. The woman, who hails from Bihar, was diagnosed with endometrial cancer and underwent hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) and pelvic lymph node dissection at Narayana Health City. The surgery was…