All news from R&D

Social behavior in patients with brain injuries

Animal-assisted Therapy: Improves Behavior in Brain Injuries Patients

Acquired brain injury of traumatic or non-traumatic origins is a globally significant public health issue. It is; estimated that traumatic brain injury annually affects approximately 50–60 million people worldwide; with an incidence rate varying between 50–640/100′000 people per year. Given the high number; of affected people and the consequences of acquired brain injuries; effective therapy,…

Sports

Decline in Physical Activity and Related Factors

Overall physical activity often starts to decline around the age of school entry. While the proportion of physically inactive individuals rises with age, there still are groups of people who manage to increase their physical activity level in adulthood and old age. While the level of physical activity varies between individuals, it can also vary…

Hypotension

Drug Interaction May Causes Hypotension

A drug interaction is an unintentional effect of using two (or more) drugs, or an interaction between a drug, and food, beverage, or supplement. It is defined as the change in efficacy or toxicity of one drug by prior; or concomitant administration of a second drug (or other active substance). There are several possible reasons for…

'Electron shuttle' protein

'Electron Shuttle' Protein: Key Role in Plant Cell-wall Construction

Scientists studying plant cell walls; structural supports that help plants overcome the downward pull of gravity; have discovered mechanistic details of a protein; involved in the assembly of lignin; a key cell-wall component. Firstly, the protein acts as a targeted “electron shuttle;” delivering the “fuel” that drives; the construction of one specific type of lignin…

Hearing

International Group Working On Hearing Device, Form Of Surgery

Since the 1980s, the cochlear implant has helped bring hearing to hundreds of thousands of people; but a new international effort aims to develop a new type of implant that will produce a keener, more natural form of hearing. Scientists at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research in Manhasset; so fueled by a $9.7 million…

Radio diagnosis

New Imaging Technology Improve Embryonic Development

Soon after conception, an embryo’s circulatory system connects to that of its mother. Complications that occur at this critical time can result in miscarriage or birth defects with long-term chronic conditions. Unfortunately, limitations in imaging technologies prevent researchers from fully understanding the cellular-level events leading up to this crucial point. Developing a new technology Researchers…

New DNA 'shredder' technique

New DNA 'Shredder' Technique: Beyond CRISPR's Scissors

In the last six years, a tool called CRISPR-Cas9 has transformed genetic research; allowing scientists to snip and edit DNA strands at precise locations; like a pair of tiny scissors. But sometimes; it takes more than scissors to do the job. Now, a collaborative international team has unveiled; a new CRISPR-based tool that acts more…

Pharmacology

Cancer Drug Shortages Have Little Effect on Chemotherapy

Despite chronic shortages of cancer drugs that could disrupt care, a new study has found that to have little impact on outpatient chemotherapy treatment over a seven year period. “These findings are surprising in light of the substantial media and policy attention that the cancer drug shortage problem has garnered,” said Mireille Jacobson, a health economist…