All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Smoking

Vaping is Harmful: More Americans Now Think

Amid growing concern about the safety of e-cigarettes; more American adults now believe vaping is just as dangerous as smoking cigarettes. Between 2012 and 2017, the number of people; who considered e-cigarettes less harmful than tobacco cigarettes dropped significantly; according to an analysis of two surveys. In one, the percentage fell 16 points—from 51 to…

Stressed

Stressed? Take A 20-minute Nature Pill

Taking at least twenty minutes out of your day to stroll or sit in a place that makes you feel in contact; with nature will significantly lower your stress hormone levels. That’s the finding of a study that has established for the first time; the most effective dose of an urban nature experience. Healthcare practitioners…

Radio diagnosis

New Imaging Method for First Time On Human Patients

A new study by biomedical engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas could significantly improve methods for detecting and diagnosing congenital heart disease in infants and small children. The researchers, collaborating with cardiologists at Arkansas Children’s Hospital in Little Rock, tested a new ultrasound technology called vector flow imaging for the first time on pediatric…

Outbreak

Guinea Pigs Cured of Ebola with Antibodies

The Ebola virus outbreak of 2014 in West Africa caused more than 11,000 deaths. At the time, scientists were working on several experimental vaccines and treatments but none were; licensed for use in humans. Antibodies, which are special defence proteins; made by our body in response to infection or vaccination; are one of the treatments that…

Shift Work

Shift Work: Long-Term Effect On Heart Disease And Diabetes Risk

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction. Other CVDs include stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, carditis, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease, and venous thrombosis. Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes; is a group of metabolic disorders by high blood sugar levels over…

Sacramento region

California Hospitals See Massive Surge In Homeless Patients

Homeless patients made about 100,000 visits to California hospitals in 2017, marking a 28% rise from two years earlier, according to the most recent state discharge data. More than a third of those visits involved a diagnosis of mental illness, according to the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. By contrast, 6% of all…

Type Diabetes

New Analysis Shows One Person Is Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes

New analysis by Diabetes UK has shown that one person is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes every three minutes in England and Wales. 202,665 people were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in England and Wales in 2017, the most recent year for which statistics are available. That amounts to 23 people every hour, or one person…

Focuses on Psoriasis

FTC Focuses On Psoriasis Franchise For Bristol Celgene Deal Review

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission has sought additional information from Bristol Myers Squibb Co and Celgene Corp and is focusing on the companies’ psoriasis treatments as part of its review of their planned merger, Bristol-Myers said on Tuesday. The parties understand that the FTC’s review is focused on marketed and pipeline products for the treatment…

Immune hematology

Genome Sciences Receives Grant for Infectious Disease

The Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) was awarded $17.5 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to fund the IGS Genome Center for Infectious Diseases (GCID) for another five years. Because The Principal Investigator and Administrative Core Director for the grant, which…

Polishing of teeth

NHS Dental Budget: Better Allocated To Meet Patients Needs

Routine scaling and polishing of teeth should stop as the NHS dental budget would better spent elsewhere; experts warn. The NHS dental budget is not in the most efficient way and must to avoid oral health inequality and meet patients’ needs. Presenting their findings today at a policy briefing in London, the team says public…

cervical disease among young women

HPV Vaccination: Dramatic Reduction in Cervical Disease

Routine vaccination of girls aged 12 or 13 years with the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in Scotland has led to a dramatic reduction; in cervical disease in later life, finds a study published by The BMJ. Unvaccinated women also showed a reduction in disease; possibly due to herd protection, say the researchers. HPV is one…

Pharmacology

Therapy Clears HPV in one-Third of Cervical Cancer Precursors

The shot, a therapeutic vaccine, injects a specific protein that triggers an immune system response to attack high-risk HPV types that cause nearly all cervical cancer precursors, known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, or CIN. “There are very few products trying to cure women who already have an HPV infection;” says Diane Harper, M.D., M.P.H., M.S.,…