All news from Pulmonary Medicine

Lung disease bronchiectasis

Lung Disease Bronchiectasis Associated With Allergy

An international research team led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore); has found that patients with the lung disease bronchiectasis also often display sensitivity to airborne allergens; has highlighted the particular role that fungi appear to play. Their discovery suggests that doctors should examine bronchiectasis patients for a range of allergies, since the treatment…

Preterm babies

Preterm Babies Born Without A Protein Risk Of Palsy

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have found that some preterm babies born without haptoglobin; a protein in blood cells have higher odds of brain bleeding, cerebral palsy and death. Their findings suggest that the absence of the protein could serve as a potential biomarker indicating a need; for increased monitoring or other…

Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

The Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Every year worldwide, 4.8 to 15.3 per million persons with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD); progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In Europe approximately 10% of all patients undergoing renal replacement therapy have ADPKD. In ADPKD patients; mutations in the genes encoding for either polycystin 1 or polycystin 2 result in polycystin complex dysfunction.…

Emergency Medicine

New App Helps Young People with Arthritis Communicate

Young people living with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), the most common type of arthritis in children and teens, struggle to communicate their needs to their families and care teams. While it is important to support young people managing their own treatment and decision making; often they are ill-equipy to do this. Health researcher An international…

General medicine

American Allergists Prescribe Tongue Allergy Tablets

Allergy shots (subcutaneous immunotherapy or SCIT) have been available for more than 100 years. Allergy tablets (sublingual immunotherapy or SLIT) have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States for four years. A new study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, the scientific journal of the American College…

Marine Algae Ecklonia maxima

A Neuroprotective Of Phlorotannin From The Marine Algae

Phlorotannins are the major phloroglucinol, polyphenols of wide occurrence among marine brown algae; these have extensively investigated for various biological activities such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and neuroprotective effect. Ecklonia maxima is a brown seaweed that is along the west coast of South Africa. The leaves of E. maxima are frequently used…

Health Care

Health Care and Disease in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, an island nation often known as “India’s Teardrop;” impressively upgraded its health care system on a number of levels; to address its medical challenges. Health care and disease in Sri Lanka are being focused on through the Primary Health Care System Strengthening Project; which emphasizes detection and management of non-communicable diseases; in high-risk…

Lab med

Panvigilance—A Strategy to Integrate Biomarkers

For the past century, modern medicines have positively contributed to public health and changed; the ways human diseases are prevented and treated. Yet, most drugs are not without side effects. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) rank among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization defines pharmacovigilance as “the science and activities…

Radio therapy

Triple-Gaussian Model Improves Proton Therapy Plans

A new treatment planning system (TPS) for proton therapy has been shown to accurately predict delivered dose by modelling the beam as a combination of three Gaussian distributions. Researchers in Japan tested the system using an ionization chamber and radiochromic film in a simple; commercially available phantom. The results demonstrate a reliable and convenient method…

Retinopathy of prematurity

Vitreous Findings: May Play Future Role In ROP Screening

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), also called retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) and Terry syndrome; is a disease of the eye affecting prematurely born babies generally having received intensive neonatal care; in which oxygen therapy is using on them due to the premature development of their lungs. It is thought to by the growth of retinal blood vessels…

Family medicine

Key to Reducing Healthcare Associated Infections

Healthcare-associated infections  illnesses that people contract while being treated in a hospital or other healthcare facility sicken millions of people each year and cost billions of dollars in additional treatment. While there has been some improvement over the years, on any given day, about three percent of the hospitalized population in the United States has…

Adverse drug reactions

Gender Differences In Reports Of Adverse Drug Reactions

Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common in clinical practice. A study using data from medical records showed that 12% of a randomly selected sample of adults; from the general public in Sweden had an ADR in a 3-month period of any of the drugs they used. Higher numbers of ADRs have shown in studies using…