All news from Thoracic Medicine

Respiratory diseases

Sweet Solution To Respiratory Disease

Restriction or inhalation of common sugar could one day treat a range of respiratory diseases; according to new research led by University of Manchester biologists. The study in mice reveals how the ability of cells to use glucose helps to regulate the immune system during lung inflammation. Their research suggests that blocking sugar receptors in…

Anesthesiology

Intranasal Dexmedetomidine Decreases Barbiturate Requirement

Barbiturates are commonly use in ambulatory sedation of pediatric patients. However, use of barbiturates involve risks of respiratory complications. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist, is increasingly use for pediatric sedation. Premedication with intranasal (IN) dexmedetomidine offers a non-invasive and efficient possibility to sedate pediatric patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Hospital records Our hypothesis…

Tropical

Combine Data to Improve Malaria Tracking

Scientists have identified a way to provide more detailed information on malaria transmission both locally and across borders, according to two new papers published in eLife. The studies, from collaborators in the US, UK, Thailand, Bangladesh, Namibia and Norway; suggest that combining data on parasite genetics and human movement can provide greater insight; on how…

Computer

First Bacterial Genome: Entirely with A Computer

All the genome sequences of organisms known throughout the world; stored in a database belonging to the National Center for Biotechnology Information in the United States. As of today, the database has an additional entry: Caulobacter ethensis-2.0. It is the world’s first fully computer-generate genome of a living organism, developed by scientists at ETH Zurich.…

Tropical Eye

Scientists Create New Models Of Tropical Eye

Loa filariasis is a skin and eye disease caused by the nematode worm Loa loa. Humans contract this disease through the bite of a deer fly or mango fly (Chrysops spp), the vectors for Loa Loa. The adult Loa loa filarial worm migrates throughout the subcutaneous tissues of humans; occasionally crossing into subconjunctival tissues of the eye where it can easily observe. Loa does not normally affect one’s…

Disorders of enamel

Developmental Defects Of Canine Enamel

In addition to humans, hereditary disorders of enamel development occur in dogs; greatly impacting their dental health and wellbeing. A recent study reveals canine enamel disorders similar to those found in humans; linking them with ENAM and ACP4, two genes previously described in humans. The enamel that covers teeth is the hardest structure in the…

Haematology

Effective Treatment For Relapsed Marginal Zone Lymphoma

A study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center revealed the investigational drug umbralisib as an effective treatment for patients with relapsed marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). Findings from the Phase II trial were presented by study co-lead Nathan Fowler, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Lymphoma & Myeloma, at the AACR Annual…

General surgery

Surgery Is Associated With Increased Survival For Patients

Surgery was associated with higher survival rates for patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) stage 4 breast cancer compared with those who did not undergo surgery, according to results presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, March 29-April 3. Between 20 and 30% of all newly diagnosed stage 4 breast cancer cases are HER2+, explained the study’s…

Radiographic analysis

Radiologic Data Suboptimal In Rheumatoid Arthritis

Data published in Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism show significant heterogeneity in the strategy used to analyze radiographic progression in recent clinical trials and observational studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); with the majority of the analyses applying simple, suboptimal, or inappropriate methods. The distribution of progression scores in RA is highly and thus requires the use…

Schizophrenia

Neuroscientists: Preventative Treatments For Schizophrenia

Neuroscientists at the new animal model of schizophrenia that will enable researchers around the world to better understand the disease and develop new treatments. Schizophrenia, which affects around 7 people in 1000; is a poor understanding group of mental disorders that disrupt cognition and behavior. Common hallmarks include delusions, hallucinations, and difficulty perceiving reality. The…

Physical exercise

Three Exercises for Stronger, Sleeker Thighs

Below are a few body-weight circuits to demonstrate how to put together various exercises to create high-intensity workouts that will leave you feeling accomplished. The four circuits below are 10 minutes each, which means you should attempt to complete as many rounds as possible in 10 minutes. You can also take an exercise and complete…

Sperm Damage

Sperm Damage: Don't Neglect Man

New evidence suggests that oxidative stress and DNA damage in sperm may contribute to repeated; miscarriages in female partners; according to a small study presented here at ENDO 2019; The Endocrine Society Annual Meeting. A strong understanding of female factors that can contribute to recurrent pregnancy loss exists, but researchers know far less about malefactors…