All news from Thoracic Medicine

Lower Asthma Risk

Sex Hormone Regulator Levels Linked To Lower Asthma Risk

Higher circulating levels of the sex hormone regulator, SHBG, seem to causally link to a lower risk of asthma-at least in women-suggests the first study of its kind. This is the first evidence showing that sex hormone levels might have a role in helping to explain the observed gender difference in asthma prevalence; say the…

Tropical

Mozambique Races to Contain 1,000 Cholera Cases

Mozambican and international health workers raced to contain a cholera outbreak; in the cyclone-hit city of Beira and surrounding areas; where the number of cases has jumped to more than 1,000. One person has died of cholera, while 97 patients remain in treatment centers; with the others released; Mozambique’s health director Ussein Isse announced. The…

Vaccine

Group A Streptococcus Vaccine Identified

Most people think of “strep throat” as a relatively benign infection; cured by a round of antibiotics and a few days of rest. But the bacterium that causes strep throat — Group A Streptococcus; is also responsible for a number of much more dangerous disorders; including rheumatic heart disease and toxic shock syndrome. With the…

Sight Loss

Poor Nutrition Can Lead To Sight Loss

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance; growth, reproduction, health, and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism, and excretion. The diet of an organism is what it eats; which is largely determining by the availability and palatability…

Red meat

Small Amount Of Red And Processed Meat May Harmful

Research from Loma Linda University Health in California has suggested that consuming small amounts of red or processed meat can increase the risk of death when compared to individuals following a no-meat; vegetarian diet. The study included 72,149 individuals participating in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2); a large cohort study of Seventh-day Adventist men and…

Chronic kidney disease

CKD: Undetermined Causes In Tropical And Subtropical

Chronic kidney disease of undetermined causes (CKDu); initially reported among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka, is also present in India, particularly in Southern rural areas, and could common in other tropical and subtropical rural settings. These are the main conclusions of a new study published in BMJ Open and in which the…

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Can Improve X-Ray Identification Of Pacemakers

Researchers have created new artificial intelligence software that can identify cardiac rhythm devices in x-rays more accurately and quickly than current methods. The team believes this software could speed up the diagnosis and treatment of patients with faulty devices in an emergency setting. The software, created by researchers at Imperial College London, has been able…

Obesity

Biological Mechanisms Behind Obesity-cancer Link

New studies led by University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center; researchers explore biological mechanisms behind obesity; and its link with cancer. Research findings presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; explore possible reasons for obesity-related resistance; to breast cancer treatment and possible strategies to overcome obesity-related immune suppression in…

Anesthesiology

Crucial Receptor Involved In Response to Fast Acting Antidepressants

Effective treatment of clinical depression remains a major mental health issue, with roughly 30% of patients who do not respond to any of the available treatments. Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have discovered a crucial receptor called mGlu2 that is critical to the mechanism of fast-acting antidepressants such as ketamine…

Geriatrics

Weekly Walking Reduces Risk Of Disability In Older Adults

Just one hour a week of brisk walking as if you are late to an appointment or trying to make a train  staves off disability in older adults with arthritis pain, or aching or stiffness in a knee, hip, ankle or foot, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. “This is less than 10 minutes a…

Sleep Disorders

Traditional Thinking About Sleep Disorders

Using a large sample of adults, investigators found that SSD, but not OSA; was independent with daytime sleepiness. In contrast, OSA, but not SSD, was independent of obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Neither was independent of anxiety or depression. Tracking OSA and SSD in the same investigation allowed researchers to compare the potential consequences of the…

Radiotherapy

Alpha Ray Treatment of Iodine Refractory Thyroid Cancer

For many years, radioactive iodine which emits beta rays has been used for treatment of thyroid cancer. Generally, 5-year survival rates may exceed 90%. However, some thyroid tumors become resistant to iodine treatment (“iodine-refractory”), and a breakthrough approach is need. Many research groups have attempted to determine new methods for treatment of iodine-refractory thyroid cancer;…