All news from Trauma and Critical Care Medicine

Stroke

Scientists Identify Common Genetic Variants With Post Stroke Recovery

The study, a meta-analysis of 12 international stroke studies; who was led by research groups at two Swedish universities: Gothenburg and Lund. The study comprise more than 6,000 patients with ischemic stroke; so the most common form of stroke, in which a blood clot causes a lack of oxygen in a region of the brain. Stroke…

Postmenopausal women

Postmenopausal Women Outweigh The Perceived Risks

The benefits of treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women outweigh the perceived risks; according to a Clinical Practice Guideline issued today by the Endocrine Society. The Society introduced the guideline during a news conference. The guideline, titled. The guideline provides evidence for the benefits of treating postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The recommendations cover the newest, most…

Sleep apnoea

Detecting Risk Of Sleep Apnoea

A 3-D scan of your face could all it takes to detect your risk of sleep apnoea. Being woken up by someone snoring can pretty frustrating. Whether it’s from a friend or a loved one; interrupted sleep can leave the best of us feeling tired and cranky. But what if that person stops breathing for…

unknown hereditary disorders

Epigenetic Patterns: Diagnosis of Unknown Hereditary Disorders

A new sophisticated computational model, developed by scientists at Lawson Health Research Institute, is bringing an innovative method of diagnosing rare hereditary conditions. Genome-wide testing of DNA methylation, a mechanism of the epigenome, has been shown to facilitate the diagnosis of previously unsolved cases of neurodevelopmental or congenital abnormalities. So, the epigenome is any process…

Chronic kidney toxicity

Contributes To Cisplatin-Induced CKD

Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that the progression of acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease (CKD); caused by the use of the chemotherapy drug cisplatin is due to unresolved injury; sustained activation of regulated necrosis pathways rather than fibrosis. The new study is on the cover of the April 2019 issue of…

Tropical medicine

One Billion People Will Be Newly Exposed to Dengue

As many as a billion people could be newly exposed to disease-carrying mosquitoes; by the end of the century because of global warming; says a new study that examines temperature changes on a monthly basis across the world. Scientists say the news is bad even in areas with only a slight risk of having a…

New way to increase population

New Way to Increase Population of Intestinal Stem Cells

Cells that line the intestinal tract are replaced every few days; a high rate of turnover that relies on a healthy population of intestinal stem cells. MIT and University of Tokyo biologists have now found; that aging takes a toll on intestinal stem cells and may contribute to increased susceptibility to disorders; of the gastrointestinal…

Radiodaignosis

Spine MRI Reports Are Too Difficult For Patients

As increasing numbers of patients gain online access to their radiology reports, a new study published in the April 2019 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) assesses how thoroughly patients understand these complex documents. Traditionally intended to communicate findings and diagnoses to clinicians; radiology reports have become much more accessible to patients through the advent of…

Biochemistry

Vitamin C Can Reduce The Length of ICU Stay

Vitamin C administration shortened the length of stay in the intensive care unit on average by 8% in 12 trials with 1766 patients according to a meta-analysis published in Nutrients. The biochemistry of vitamin C is complex. For example, it is involved in the synthesis of norepinephrine and vasopressin, both of which influence the cardiovascular…

General medicine

As China Pushes Traditional Medicine Globally

Chinese traditional medicine is rapidly expanding worldwide as a key pillar of the country’s Belt and Road initiative, but conservation groups say demand for treatments using animal products is driving a surge in illegal trafficking of wildlife. Since the start of the year, authorities in the Chinese territory of Hong Kong have seized record volumes…

Robot

Robot Is An Effective Pain Management Tool For Premature Babies

Researchers at the University of British Columbia, BC Children’s Hospital, the British Columbia Institute of Technology, and BC Women’s Hospital + Health Centre have design a therapeutic robot that simulates human skin-to-skin contact, helping reduce pain for babies in the neonatal intensive care unit at BC Women’s. Premature babies admit to the neonatal intensive care…

Development of osteoarthritis

Using Gene Therapy Strategies To Treat Osteoarthritis

In the medicine field gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient’s cells as a drug to treat disease. The first attempt at modifying human DNA was performed in 1980 by Martin Cline, but the first successful nuclear gene transfer in humans, approved by the National Institutes of Health, was performed in May 1989. Osteoarthritis (OA)…