All news from Hematology & Oncology

Leukemia treatment

New Therapy Discovered: For Aggressive Blood Cancer

Researchers at the Vetmeduni Vienna; and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Cancer Research have identified a new therapeutic strategy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML); the most common form of acute leukemia. However, they found that the activity of the mutated oncogenic protein C/EBPα; is dependent on a functional epigenetic helper; the MLL1 histone methyltransferase complex.…

Epidemic

Study On Measles Transmission In China

A new study on the measles epidemic in China has far-reaching implications for eliminating the infection globally, according to researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Using a new model-inference system developed at the Columbia Mailman School, the researchers were able to estimate population susceptibility and demographical characteristics in three key locations in…

Lab medicine

Microfluidic Device Isolate Individual Cancer Cells From Blood Samples

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Queensland University of Technology of Australia, have developed a device that can isolate individual cancer cells from patient blood samples. The microfluidic device works by separating the various cell types found in blood by their size. The device may one day enable rapid, cheap liquid biopsies…

Behaviors In Childhood

Disruptive Behaviors In Childhood Costly Mental Health Problems

Disruptive Behaviors in Childhood Disruptive behaviors in childhood are among the most prevalent and costly mental health problems in countries and are with significant negative long-term outcomes for individuals and society. Recent evidence suggests that disruptive behavioral problems in the first years of life are an important early predictor of lower employment earnings in adulthood.…

Pathogenesis

Fungus: Cripple The Immune System

It is everywhere — and it is extremely dangerous for people with a weakened immune system. The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus occurs virtually everywhere on Earth, as a dark grey, wrinkled cushion on damp walls or in microscopically small spores that blow through the air and cling to wallpaper, mattresses and floors. Healthy people usually have no problem…

Healthcare Prices

Transparency On Healthcare Prices Vital In Arizona Health System

Efforts to understand costs and openly share information on healthcare prices; played a key role in a major Arizona health system’s successful turnaround from a financial crisis; according to a feature article in the Spring issue of Frontiers of Health Services Management, an official publication of the American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE). This journal is published…

Oral antibiotic therapy

Antibiotic Therapy In Managing Orthopedic Infections

“In this trial, with regard to treatment failure assessed at 1 year; oral antibiotic therapy was noninferior to intravenous antibiotic therapy when used during the first 6 weeks of treatment for bone and joint infection; our results thereby challenge a widely accepted standard of care. “Oral antibiotic therapy was associated with a shorter length of…

Atrial Fibrillation

New 2019 Guidelines For Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Nearly 3 million Americans are living with atrial fibrillation (AFib), which is described as quivering or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). With increasing lifespan and increasing prevalence of risk factors such as obesity, experts believe the number of people living with AFib will increase at an exponential rate in the next decade. This has important public implications…

Testosterone

Only Testosterone Is Not Enough For Penis Development

A new study has revealed that testosterone, which is produced and released by the testes, is not the only hormone involved in fetal development of the penis. It is now thought that the masculinization process also involves a hormone called androsterone, which originates in other tissues, including the placenta. The results not only shed light…

Geriatrics

Investigate Lifestyle Effects On Cognitive Function In Older Adults

Researchers in Finland recently found that lifestyle choices can help older adults stay mentally sharp. Now scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine hope to find confirmatory evidence this is indeed the case by coordinating a large, national clinical trial sponsored by the Alzheimer’s Association through a $28 million grant. Forms of dementia An estimated…

Nerve injury

Peripheral Nerve Injury Can Trigger The Onset And Spread Of ALS

A growing collection of anecdotal stories raises the possibility that nerve injury in an arm or a leg can act as a trigger for the development amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; or ALS  a progressive neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. The connection between ALS and athletes runs deeper than a single ballplayer; people who…

Stem cells

Aging Mouse Brains: Young Bone Marrow Rejuvenates

A new study has found that transplanting the bone marrow of young laboratory mice; into old mice prevented cognitive decline in the old mice; preserving their memory and learning abilities. The findings support an emerging model that attributes cognitive decline; in part, to aging of blood cells, which are produced in bone marrow. Slow progression…