All news from Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Nutritional Supplement

Nutritional Supplement For Women Improve Growth Of Fetus

Linear growth restriction continues to be a major public health challenge globally for poor communities in low- and middle-income countries. Stunting before 2 years of age is prominent among the nutrition factors related to disease burden and mortality in early childhood. Longer-term associations of early linear growth faltering include impairment of motor development; cognition, educational…

General Medicine

What Would Happen If U.S. Hospitals Openly Shared Their Prices

Imagine there was a store where there were no prices on items, and you never knew what you’d pay until you’d picked out your purchases and were leaving the shop. You might be skeptical that the store would have any incentive to offer reasonable prices. This exact situation has become the norm in U.S. health care,…

Virus with transplantation

Heart Transplants From Infected Donors: Hepatitis C Follows

Nine patients at Penn Medicine have been cured of the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) following lifesaving heart transplants from deceased donors who were infected with the disease, according to a study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The results highlight the potential for expanding the use of HCV-infected organs, including hearts, to broaden the donor…

Treatment

Miniature Tumor Organoids Help Guide Treatment Decisions

New technique developed at UCLA can screen hundreds of drugs using patients’ own cells. UCLA scientists have developed a new method to quickly screen hundreds of drugs in order to identify treatments that can target specific tumors. The approach could help scientists understand how a person’s tumor would respond to a certain drug or drug…

Human Cell Atlas

A Cell Atlas Of The Aging Lung

Aging promotes lung function decline and increases susceptibility to diseases of the respiratory tract. In order to understand these effects in detail; researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München; a partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), analyzed the aging process in the lung at single-cell level using AI approaches. They have now presented this…

Physical training

The New Exercise Trend: Made For Everyone

Bringing the science of high intensity interval training (HIIT) into everyday life could be the key to helping unfit; overweight people get more of the exercise they need to improve their health; according to an international research team. So, from washing the car to climbing stairs or carrying groceries; each of these activities is an…

Melanoma

Smoking Blight Immune Response Against Melanoma

Melanoma patients with a history of smoking cigarettes are 40% less likely to survive their skin cancer than people who have never smoked, according to a new report funded by Cancer Research UK. The study of more than 700 melanoma patients mainly from the north of England and published today in Cancer Research provides evidence…

Prostate cancer

Active Surveillance For Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Many men with low-risk prostate cancer who most likely previously would have undergone immediate surgery or radiation are now adopting a more conservative “active surveillance” strategy;l according to an analysis of a new federal database by scientists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. The use of active surveillance increased from 14.5 % to 42.1 % of men…

Euthanasia

Criminal Case Spurs a Rethink of Euthanasia

The recent launch of a criminal investigation into a case of medically assisted death for psychiatric illness in Belgium, reported by multiple media sources, is shining a spotlight on growing concerns even among supporters about the controversial practice. The criminal allegations, which reportedly mark the first investigation of medically assisted euthanasia in that country since…

Smoking

Genetic Vulnerability To Menthol Cigarette Use

A genetic variant found only in people of African descent significantly increases a smoker’s preference for cigarettes containing menthol, a flavor additive. The variant of the MRGPRX4 gene is five to eight times more frequent among smokers who use menthol cigarettes than other smokers, according to an international group of researchers supported by the U.S.…

Radiotherapy

Sperm Quality Unaffected By Chemotherapy For Early Testicular Cancer

Men with early stage testicular cancer can safely receive one course of chemotherapy or radiotherapy after surgery without it having a long-term effect on their sperm count, according to a study published in the leading cancer journal Annals of  today. Although it is known already that several rounds of chemotherapy or high doses of radiotherapy given to men…

Genes in bacteria

Genes Help Harmful Bacteria Thwart Treatment

A Rutgers-led team has discovered two genes that make some strains of harmful Staphyloccocus bacteria resistant to treatment by copper, a potent and frequently used antibacterial agent. The discovery shows that Staphyloccocus aureus can acquire additional genes that promote infections and antibacterial resistance and may open new paths for the development of antibacterial drugs, according…