All news from Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Exercise

Exercise Gives A Better Brain Boost To Older Men Than Women

New research suggests that the relationship between physical and brain fitness varies in older adults by virtue of their sex. The study is publishing ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology. The researchers investigated sex differences in the association between a measure of physical health, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and brain function using resting…

Medical Genetic

Geneticists Identify Molecular Pathway For Autism Related Disorder

Geneticists discovered a molecular trigger for a severe autism-related disorder that has enabled them to start testing a potential therapy targeting a specific protein in the brain. A UT Southwestern study involving humans and mice details one of the few instances in which researchers have found a precise pathway that causes; a neurodevelopmental disorder in…

Immune system

Immunotherapy Drug Found To Be Effective In Patients

A multi center phase II clinical trial investigating pembrolizumab as a first-line and programmed cell death therapy in patients with advanced Merkel cell carcinoma reports lasting tumor control, generally manageable side effects and improved overall survival. The results are published online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. LSU Health New Orleans’ Adam Riker, MD, FACS,…

general anesthesia

General Anesthesia Have Lasting Effects On The Developing Brains

A single hour of general anesthesia in early infancy longer than is necessary to perform the most common types of minor surgeries in childhood does not result in measurable underdevelopment or behavioral problems up to the age of 5 years, according to the first randomized trial of its kind involving 722 infants in seven countries,…

Cigarettes

Health Hazards By Tobacco Use: Drain $3.6 billion

Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases). The practice; believed to have begun as early as 5000–3000 BC in Mesoamerica and South America. Tobacco; introduced to Eurasia in the late 17th century by European colonists, where it followed common trade routes. The practice encountered…

COPD

COPD Patients Need More Support On New Chest Symptoms

People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) need more support when understanding and acting on new chest symptoms; a study in the journal Psycho-Oncology reports. During this unique study, led by the University of Glasgow and the University of Surrey; researchers investigated how the experience of COPD; influences how individuals understand new or changing chest…

Diabetes and low back pain

People With Diabetes Risk Of Low Back Pain

Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back. Pain can vary from a dull constant ache to a sudden sharp feeling. Low back pain may be classified by duration as acute (pain lasting less than 6 weeks), sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks); or chronic (more than 12 weeks). The condition may…

Gastroenterology

Therapeutic Endoscopy Has An Expanding Role In The Treatment Of IBD

According to a new statement from a panel of national and international experts in gastroenterology, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other areas, interventional  IBD endoscopy has an expanding role in the treatment of disease and of adverse events from surgery. The report from the panel, Role of interventional inflammatory bowel disease in the era of…

AIDS

Anti-cancer Immunotherapy To Fight HIV

Researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have shown that immunotherapy treatments against cancer could reduce the amount of virus that persists in people on triple therapy. In a study published in the journal Nature Communications, they show, in the cells of people living with HIV, how these therapies reveal the virus —…

Arrhythmia

Innovative Software Prevents Incidence Of Arrhythmia

Potentially lethal heart conditions may become easier to spot; and may lead to improvements in prevention and treatment thanks to innovative new software that measures electrical activity in the organ. The heart’s pumping ability is controlled by electrical activity; that triggers the heart muscle cells to contract and relax. In certain heart diseases such as…

Technology

'Dinosaur Metal' Compound Kills Cancer Cells

A new compound based on Iridium, a rare metal which landed in the Gulf of Mexico 66 M years ago, hooked onto albumin, a protein in blood, can attack the nucleus of cancerous cells when switched on by light, University of Warwick researchers have found. An organoiridium–albumin bioconjugate (Ir1‐HSA) was synthesized by reaction of a…

e-cigarette flavors

E-Cigarette Flavors Could Harm Respiratory Tract

Two chemicals commonly used as e-cigarette flavors might harm users’ airway passages, a small experiment suggests. Researchers exposed human bronchial epithelial cells to two flavoring compounds: diacetyl a chemical with a butter-like smell – and its “chemical cousin” 2,3-pentanedione. Both chemicals induced hundreds of genetic changes in the cells. The chemicals also impaired the ability…