All news from Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Pregnant women

Statistics On Pregnant Women In US Prisons

What is to a first-of-its-kind systematic look at pregnancy frequency and outcomes among imprisoned U.S. women; researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine say almost 1,400 pregnant women admitted to 22 U.S. state and all federal prisons in a recent year. They also found that most of the prison pregnancies over 90 % ended in live births…

Immune

Immune Compromised Populations More Likely To See Antibiotic Resistant

Populations with a high prevalence of AIDS-immunocompromised people are more likely to see the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, according to a study coauthored by researchers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and published in PLOS One. “People with weakened immune systems are more vulnerable to opportunistic bacterial infections and are therefore frequently prescribed antibiotics to…

Flu vaccine

Nasal Spray Vaccine: Against Flu Acceptable In 2019 To 2020

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) plans to advise families to vaccinate children against influenza with either the flu shot or nasal spray vaccine during the 2019 to 2020 flu season, in contrast to the academy’s preference for the injected vaccine over the nasal spray during the previous two flu seasons, the AAP announced. During…

Lawsuit

Duke Settles Doctored Data Lawsuit for $112.5 Million

In one of the largest-ever such agreements with an academic institution, Duke University, in Durham, North Carolina, has settled a whistleblower lawsuit alleging that lung researchers there used fake data in National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant applications. The settlement, for a case brought under the False Claims Act (FCA); but is for $112.5 million,…

Nuclear medicine

Coronary Artery Calcium Indicates Patients' Risk

About six million people come into an emergency department every year with chest pain, but not all of them are having a heart attack  and many are not even at risk or are at very low risk for having one. Now, a new research study presented at the American College Cardiology Scientific Sessions from the…

Astronauts

Space Policy Events For March-2019

House and Senate hearings on the FY2020 budget request begin in earnest this week; with appropriations or authorization hearings on DOD, NASA, NOAA, and the Department of Transportation (DOT).  DOT appropriations hearings usually focus on high-level issues, so it is not likely that the FAA’s commercial space transportation activities; will discussed to any great degree,…

Developmental biology

Spaceflight Microgravity On Stem Cells And Tissue Regeneration

Studying behavior of stem cells during spaceflight and in simulated microgravity is necessary to foresee how human stem cells, which represent the primary source of our regeneration, will respond to spaceflight in vivo; it is also necessary to support biotechnological assays. Research in this area utilizes a wide range of cell models, most common being…

Gastroenterology

Choose The Right Colon Cancer Screening Option

Colon cancer is highly preventable through regular screening. But the right type of screening depends on your particular risk factors, an expert says. Each year in the United States, more than 140,000 people are diagnose with colon cancer, and about 50,000 die from the disease. It’s the second-leading cause of cancer death in the country.…

Medical genetics

My DNA Told Me Avoid Fast Food, eat vegetables

Avoid fast food, eat vegetables and exercise. It sounds like generic health advice, but they’re tips supposedly tailored to my DNA profile. The suggestions come from 23 and me, one of the companies offering to point you toward the optimal eating and exercise habits for your genetics. As with most dieting schemes, the idea is…

Radiotherapy

Mapping Between External Beam Radiotherapy

The standard treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) is based on a combination of chemo60 radiotherapy and brachytherapy (BT). External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with chemotherapy represents the first step with the aim to deliver the prescribed dose to the planning target volume (PTV) encompassing the cervix-uterus, nodes and vagina depending on the international…

Acne

Acne's possible new roots in growing glands and undigested collagen

It turns out undigested collagen blocking growing gland cells might sometimes be causing the blackheads seen in common acne, not just excess sebum, as had long been assumed. After the publication of a 2018 paper, researchers suggest genetic mutations that inhibit the collagen reshaping process could be one of the underlying culprits in acne. The…

Geriatrics

Evidence Found Of Neurogenesis In People Up To Age 87

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Spain has found evidence of neurogenesis in the brains of people right up to old age. In their paper published in the journal Nature Medicine; the group describes their study of the brains of recently deceased people and what they found. Over the past several years, scientists have…