All news from Endocrinology

Artificial Pancreas

Updates on New Artificial Pancreas at AAAS Annual Meeting

Diabetes is a prime example of an enormous health care problem; the only solution of which is advanced technology aiming precise treatment optimization. Classic studies have shown that the numerous complications of diabetes; can be reduced by strict control, typically assessed by hemoglobin A1c. However, the risk of low blood sugar levels (i.e. hypoglycemia) remains…

Diversity of organisms

Encoded By The Genome Of The Scleractinian Coral Stylophora Pistillata

Coral reef architecture comes from the deposition of massive calcium carbonate skeletons secreted by scleractinian corals; or hard corals. These corals represent the habitat for a vast diversity of organisms. They live in intimate symbiosis with unicellular dinoflagellate symbionts; commonly called zooxanthellae; which are in the coral tissues. The enzymes carbonic anhydrases play major roles…

Smell Tasty Foods

Your Mouth Helps You Smell Tasty Foods

New research by psychology professor Don Katz and his lab suggests it has a lot more to do with what happens in our mouths than commonly thought. It turns out that we don’t inhale the scent of food and decide we like its smell. First, we have to eat it. Katz’s research appeared in the January…

Biomarker

Protein Content: A Marker For Brain Cancer

Brain tumors vary widely in how they respond to treatment. However, early assessment of therapy response is essential in order to choose the best possible treatment for the patient. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now been able to show in a study using non-invasive high-resolution 7-Tesla MRI scans that the protein…

Radiodaignosis

New Tech Taking Telemedicine To The Next Level

Telemedicine has gone way beyond conference calls: new technologies allow doctors to monitor blood pressure and other vital signs take x-rays even and assist with operations from miles away. Wireless technology is moving “healthcare outside of clinics and hospitals”, said Pamela Spence, health sciences market leader at Ernst & Young, at the Mobile World Congress…

Radiotherapy

Stereotactic Radiation Feasible For Oligometastatic Cancer

Stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) for recurrent oligometastatic cancer is a feasible and tolerable treatment option, according to a phase 2 study published in the January issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. Overall survival Philip Sutera, from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and colleagues assessed the role of SABR for…

Hematology

Researchers Speed Up Detection Of Blood Infection

Researchers from The University of Western Australia have developed a new method of detecting blood infection that they hope will dramatically speed up diagnosis and treatment of severe infection. The research follows last year’s exciting results from a screening test to detect antibiotic resistance and ensure the right antibiotics can be prescribed quicker. Chemical characteristics…

Microsopy

Cellular Repair: New Live-imaging Technique Reveals

Suppose you live in a brick house and notice cracks in the mortar; that let in cold air, rain and insect pests. You might call a brick mason to repair those leaks; and to restore the barrier that keeps the great outdoors from getting inside. In much the same way; sheets of cells in our…

Emergency Care

Team Improves Emergency Care For Patients With Chest Pain

Emergency physicians at Kaiser Permanente hospitals in Southern California reduced hospital admissions; and cardiac stress testing by using new criteria to assess the level of risk patients with chest pain have for subsequent cardiac events. The emergency department assessment was implemented across Kaiser Permanente Southern California; and has improved the quality and efficiency of care for…

Sleep

Sleep Index May Predict Success Of Spontaneous Breathing Trial

Critically ill patients are more likely to successfully weaned from a mechanical ventilator or breathing machine if they have higher levels of wakefulness and both their right and left brains experience the same depth of sleep, according to new research published online. In “Sleep and Pathological Wakefulness at Time of Liberation from Mechanical Ventilation,” Laurent…

Surgical training

Safe Alternative For Performing C-sections

Sierra Leone has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world for every 100,000 live births, 1360 women will die. In Norway, that number is just 5 women per 100,000 live births; in the US, it’s 14; according to the United Nations Population Fund. Why are so many women dying in Sierra Leone?…

Gastroenterology

annual Noninvasive Stool Test Effective For Colon Cancer Screening

A new study by Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute provides the strongest evidence to date to support recommendations that average risk patients can safely opt for an annual, easy-to-use home stool test instead of a screening colonoscopy. The researchers reviewed and analyzed the findings of 31 studies with a total of…