All news from Orthopaedics

Bone fractures

Smart Bone Plates Can Monitor Fracture Healing

Musculoskeletal injuries are among the most disabling conditions in the United States; with the total number of bone fractures ranging from 12 to 15 million per year. Treatment of these fractures represents a significant burden on the U.S. healthcare system; with hospitalization costing an estimated $23.4 billion in 2004. Determining how well a fracture is…

Cardiovascular Health

Publish Recommendations In Relation To Cardiovascular Health

Dental and heart experts are set to publish joint recommendations for medical and oral health professionals and patients. The advice will be agreed by representatives from the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and World Heart Federation (WHF) at the Perio & Cardio Workshop 2019, being held 18 and 19 February in Madrid, Spain. Cardiovascular diseases…

Food allergy

Unique Subtype Of Eczema Linked To Food Allergy

Atopic dermatitis, a common inflammatory skin condition also known as allergic eczema; affects nearly 20% of children, 30% of whom also have food allergies. Scientists have now found that children with both atopic dermatitis and food allergy; have structural and molecular differences in the top layers of healthy-looking skin near the eczema lesions; whereas children…

Developmental biology

Reprogram Stem Cells: More Efficient System

Induced pluripotent stem cells (also known as iPS cells or iPSCs) are a type of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from adult cells. The iPSC technology; pioneered by Shinya Yamanaka’s lab in Kyoto, Japan; who showed in 2006 that the introduction of four specific genes encoding transcription factors could convert adult cells into pluripotent stem cells. He was awarded…

Telehealth

Expanding Telehealth Capacity To Prevent Chronic Conditions

The University of Virginia Health System is expanding its telehealth capacity to help patients across Virginia better prevent or manage chronic conditions that include diabetes, prediabetes and heart disease. But through the UVA Center for Telehealth, UVA will expand or pilot several initiatives to battle chronic diseases, including remote monitoring for patients with diabetes, screenings…

Pharmacology and therapeutics

New Therapeutic Target Found For Aggressive Pediatric Cancers

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that malignant rhabdoid tumors , a rare pediatric cancer without effective treatments, may be sensitive to drugs that block the cancer cell’s ability to dispose of misfolded proteins. The findings provide a much-needed therapeutic target for these and other cancers caused by mutations…

Nuclear medicine

MR Solutions To Showcase Latest Multi-Modality MRI Systems At EMIM

MR Solutions’ latest compact preclinical, multi-modality MRI systems will be on display at the 14th European Molecular Imaging Meeting  being held at the Scottish Event Campus in Glasgow on 19 to 22 March, 2019. MR Solutions, the only company to have an installed base of cryogen-free MRI scanners; continues to both broaden their range and…

Dialysis

Older Adults With Advanced kidney Disease

The older man told her he wanted to go home; he had a good life and was ready for its end. He did not want aggressive care — including dialysis having witnessed his wife and son die painfully in intensive care years ago. Wong to follow the man’s wishes, but other physicians; eager to pursue…

American Hospital

Fewer American Hospital Programs Address Opioid Abuse

American hospitals collectively have seen a loss of programs dealing with substance abuse. The damage done to America’s health by the opioid epidemic is well-recognized and enormous; with drug overdose death rates helping to drive down U.S. life expectancy in recent years. Yet as the problem has worsened, American hospitals collectively have seen a loss…

Sepsis Death

Sepsis Death Common, Often Unpreventable

Sepsis remains one of the leading causes of hospital death in the United States; but there may not be much doctors can do to prevent them, a study has found. The findings were published online February 15, 2019, in JAMA Network Open. The study found that 88% of sepsis deaths were not preventable. “Although the…

Tobacco and Alcohol

Tobacco And Alcohol May Increase Neural Damage In Brain

Brain damage or brain injury (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells. Brain injuries occur due to a wide range of internal and external factors. In general, brain damage refers to significant, undiscriminating trauma-induced damage, while neurotoxicity typically refers to selective, chemically induced neuron damage. A common category with the greatest number of injuries is traumatic brain injury (TBI) following physical trauma or head injury from an outside…

Free App

Tracking Daily Food Consumption Using Free App

Those who tracked food and weight lost pounds in new Duke study. Without following a particular diet, overweight people who tracked daily food consumption using a free smartphone app lost a significant amount of weight in a new Duke University study. The results were achieved using automated, free tools; but rather than expensive in-person interventions,…