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Family medicine

GPs and Pharmacists Don't Have Time To Involve Patients In Medication Reviews

GPs and pharmacists struggle to find the time to involve patients in medication reviews, despite National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance advising them to do so, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol’s Center for Academic Primary Care. Care Research Medication reviews are important for patients who are…

stem cells

How Breast Cancer Spreads? 'Cellular Barcoding' Reveals

A cutting-edge technique called cellular barcoding has been used to tag; track and pinpoint cells responsible for the spread of breast cancer; from the main tumour into the blood and other organs. The technique also revealed; how chemotherapy temporarily shrinks the number of harmful cells; rather than eliminating them; explaining how the cancer could eventually…

Family member

Persistant Opioid Use Risk Factor For Young Adults

Having a family member with persistent opioid use may a risk factor for young adults continuing prescriptions long after their own surgeries; a new Michigan Medicine study suggests. The presence of one or more family members using long-term opioids before a procedure was associated with a higher likelihood; that adolescents prescribed opioids for the first…

Tropical medicine

Triazavirin Defeats Tick-borne Encephalitis

The drug triazavirin, developed by the researchers of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; and the Institute of Chemical Engineering of Ural Federal University; has proved to be an effective remedy against tick-borne viral encephalitis (TBE). Clinical trials conducted by Krasnoyarsk State Medical University led to this conclusion. The results are published…

Anesthesiology

Postoperative Desaturation And Bradypnea After General Anesthesia

Respiratory depression following general anesthesia, presenting as desaturation and bradypnea, is common during the early postoperative period. Analysis of anesthesia related closed claims demonstrated that delayed detection of bradypnea, resulting in desaturation, was a major cause of morbidity and mortality during and following procedures under general anesthesia. Ventilatory response Fifty percent of cases of respiratory…

Outbreak

Misinformation Is Causing Measles

Misinformation and anti-vaccination groups have caused a rise; in cases of vaccine-preventable viral disease measles around the world; according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). In the US, controversial misinformation about the toxicities; and ill-effects of vaccines has spurred the anti-vaccine groups across social media. The danger caused by such groups is so great; that…

Microbiology

2,000 unknown bacteria discovered in the human gut

Researchers at EMBL’s European Bioinformatics Institute and the Wellcome Sanger Institute have identified; almost 2000 bacterial species living in the human gut. These species are yet to be cultured in the lab. The team used a range of computational methods to analyse samples; from individuals worldwide. So, the results, published in the journal Nature; highlight…

Biochemstry

Cell-free Protein Synthesis: More Flexible & Accessible

Researchers have radically simplified the method for cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS), a technique that could become fundamental to medical research. Synthesizing proteins is essential for multiple types of pharmaceutical and genetic research. For years, proteins could only be synthesized within live cells. CFPS provides the novel ability to biosynthesize proteins in a test tube; in…

Infection

What Makes Helicobacter Adaptable? Infection Biology Explains

The bacterial pathogen Helicobacter pylori owes its worldwide distribution to its genetic adaptability. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) Munich microbiologists have identified an enzyme; that plays a vital role in the flexible control of global gene expression in the species. The cosmopolitan bacterium Helicobacter pylori; which colonizes the mammalian gastrointestinal system; is responsible for one of the most common…

Maternal smoking

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk Of ADHD

Tobacco smoking and pregnancy are related to many effects on health and reproduction; in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco use is a significant factor in miscarriages among pregnant smokers and that it contributes; to a number of other threats to the health of the…

Rheumatoid arthritis

MRI-Guided Tx Strategy Not Superior For Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease. Patients typically experience pain, functional impairment and reduced quality of life; and are at risk of developing progressive joint damage. The disease primarily affects the small joints of the hands and feet. The current treatment strategy involves early and intensive treatment with close clinical follow-up; which…

Medical Medical genetics

Oxford Nanopore Launches New cDNA Kits For Its Sequencing Technology

Oxford Nanopore has launched new ‘109’ cDNA Kits for its real-time; scalable sequencing technology. The new kits provide high throughput whilst generating complete sequences of full-length cDNA strands, with a low input option of just 1ng PolyA+ RNA. because The new cDNA sequencing method enables users to sequence whole transcriptomes to high coverage on a…