All news from Thoracic Medicine

Adipose tissue

Adipose Hormone: Play Role In Obesity-Related Asthma

Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that secretes numerous protein hormones, including leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. These hormones generally influence energy metabolism; which is of great interest to the understanding and treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Therefore relative roles in modifying appetite; insulin resistance and atherosclerosis are the subjects of intense research; as…

Cartilage

Medicine Approach For Treating Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

Researchers at Tokai University report in the journal npj Regenerative Medicine a regenerative medicine approach for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. The researchers led by Masato Sato, fabricated chondrocyte sheets that have regenerative properties on temperature-responsive culture dishes to treat partial-thickness defects in articular cartilage; the tissue that is to difficult to regenerate. Osteoarthritis (OA)…

Hematology

A1c Blood Test Found Unreliable In Diabetes Diagnoses

Statistics published by Diabetes UK state that more than five million people in the UK will be living with diabetes by 2025; and in the last 20 years; the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has more than doubled. Author of the study Maria Mercedes Chang Villacreses describes diabetes as a “global epidemic.” Insulin-producing cells There are…

Experimental drug

Cholesterol, Obesity-related Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Scientists have discovered a novel molecular pathway for an enzyme inhibitor in humans; that plays a direct role in the development of high cholesterol and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; which they then were able to reverse in mice; with an investigational drug. The study results will be presented at ENDO 2019; the Endocrine Society’s annual…

Cell encapsulation

Novel Hydrogel Provides Better Cell Encapsulation

Tissue engineering is a medical solution that uses living cells to repair or replace structural tissue, such as blood vessels, bone, cartilage, etc. Polymeric hydrogels, in both solid and liquid forms, are used as a delivery system for living cells, acting as a protective layer to contain the cells for transplantation into patients to replace…

Marine carotenoids

Anti-Stress And Protein Activities In Marine Carotenoids

Stress has largely defined as a causative factor for a variety of diseases and premature aging; as marked by the early occurrence of age-related decline in body functions. On these premises, there is a continuous search and enrollment of natural compounds with anti-stress potential for extending quality of life in normal and disease scenarios. Cell-based…

Special Emergency Room

She Was Dancing, Talking Gibberish. Special Emergency Room Helped

Patients heavily sedated or shackled to gurneys for days while awaiting placement in a specialized psychiatric hospital; their symptoms exacerbated by the noise and chaos of emergency medicine. Long wait times in crowded ERs for people who show up with serious medical emergencies. High costs for taxpayer; so insurers and families as patients languish longer…

Emergency departments for medicine

Young Child Goes To ED For Medicine

Hydrogen peroxide is a colorless, odorless liquid typically at household concentrations of 3% to 5%. It is a weak acid (PKA 11.75) and a strong oxidizer. At this strength, it is commonly using for wound irrigation, hair treatment, and other cosmetic purposes. Household-concentration peroxide is wide as safe; with the rare case of harm after…

Mosquito

Drug-based Strategies: Prevent Malaria In Pregnant Women

A global team of researchers, led by a research team at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM); are calling for a review of drug-based strategies; used to prevent malaria infections in pregnant women; in areas where there is widespread resistance to existing antimalarial medicines. Professor Feiko ter Kuile, an expert in malaria in pregnancy;…

Personal health

Better Out Of Hours Palliative Care Needed

In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the World Alliance for Patient Safety to advance the patient safety agenda with the goal of reducing the adverse effects of unsafe healthcare. Palliative care is not exempt from these risks. More recently, the Universal Health Coverage draws attention to how all people and communities should have access…

Maternal depressive symptoms

Mothers Of Fussy Babies At Higher Risk

It is no secret that fussy newborns can be especially challenging for parents already facing physical and mental exhaustion from caring for a new baby. But now science backs up the impact on parents: The less soothable the infant, the more distressed the mother. Mothers of highly irritable infant experience greater depressive symptoms. The nationally…

Detrimental effect

Overlooking Female Athletes' Nutritional Needs: Detrimental Effect

As poor nutrition can negatively affect everything from bone to reproductive health, more attention needs to be paid to the specific nutritional needs of female athletes, a collaborative study from New Zealand’s University of Otago and University of Waikato argues. Dr. Katherine Black, of Otago’s Department of Human Nutrition, says most research into sport and…