All news from Cardiology

Heart Valve

New Link Between Popular Arthritis Drug And Heart Valve Calcification

A well-known, four-year study found popular arthritis drug Celebrex no more dangerous for the heart; than older drugs in its same classification; commonly called NSAIDs. Now, a big-data analysis of patient records at Vanderbilt University; has found a link specifically between Celebrex and heart valve calcification. W. David Merryman, professor of biomedical engineering, and Ph.D.…

Gastroenterology

Scientists Uncover How High-Fat Diet Drives Colorectal Cancer Growth

As cancer death rates drop overall; doctors have noted a frightening anomaly: deaths from colorectal cancer in people under 55 appear to be creeping up. According to the American Cancer Society, deaths in this younger group increased by 1 percent between 2007 and 2016. A new study led by Salk Institute scientists suggests that high-fat…

Precision Medicine

New Approach To Ensure Success Of Precision Medicine

Precision medicine is a focus of ongoing debate. In an environment of limited research funds; there are those who believe that precision medicine should be funded because it will improve population health; and those who feel that it shouldn’t, because it won’t. In a viewpoint published Jan. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation; experts…

Smartphones

Smartphones Could Help Detect Heart Conditions

A smartphone-based heart monitor could be up to five times more effective at diagnosing heart rhythm problems than standard tests, research suggests. Using the technology could also help emergency departments working within the NHS save time and money. Researchers say the results suggest that emergency departments around the country should consider incorporating the device into standard…

Hypoxemia

Bag-Mask Ventilation Helps Prevent Hypoxemia

Critically ill adults who underwent tracheal intubation with bag-mask ventilation had higher oxygen saturations; than those who received no ventilation, and were less likely to experience severe hypoxemia; in the randomized PreVent trial (NCT03026322). These results should change practice, said Jonathan Casey, MD, from the Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville; Tennessee, noting that he…

Tobacco

Health Risks Associated With Smoking

Smoking is a practice in which a substance is resulting in smoke breathed in to tested and absorbed into the bloodstream. Most commonly the substance is the dried leaves; of the tobacco plant which have been rolled into a small square of rice paper to create a small, round cylinder called a “cigarette”. Smoking is…

General surgery

Closed-Incision Negative-Pressure Therapy In Aesthetic Surgery

Recently published studies have demonstrated clinical effectiveness of closed-incision negative-pressure therapy in many fields of surgery  including vascular, cardiac, colorectal, orthopedic, and reconstructive surgery. A review of current literature is conduct to determine whether the application of negative-pressure therapy to closed incisions post aesthetic procedures was beneficial. Economic analysis The PubMed/MEDLINE databases are search for…

Exercise

Failty Evaluation: Physical Fitness For Nonurgent Operation

In adult surgical patients across ages, frailty relates to higher postoperative rates of major illness and hospital readmission; and greater health care costs; according to new Journal of the American College of Surgeons study findings. Frailty, a decline in function and resistance to short-term stress that typically occurs in old age; is linked to more…

Asthma

Chest Infection Puts Babies At Risk Of Hospitalization For Asthma

Infants who are admitted to hospital with the common infection bronchiolitis are at increased risk of further emergency hospital admissions for asthma; wheezing and respiratory illness in the first five years of their life. These are the findings of researchers from Imperial College London; who tracked 613,377 babies (almost all births in England between April…

Microbes

Machine Learning: To ID Source Of Salmonella

A team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Georgia Center for Food Safety in Griffin has developed a machine-learning approach that could lead to quicker identification of the animal source of certain Salmonella outbreaks. In the research, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Xiangyu Deng and his colleagues used more than a thousand…

Acute kidney injury

Cardic Bypass Surgery Did Not Reduce Acute Kidney Injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF); is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days. Its causes are numerous. Generally it occurs because of damage to the kidney tissue caused by decreased kidney blood flow (kidney ischemia) from any cause (e.g., low blood pressure), exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, an inflammatory process in the kidney, or an obstruction…

Adolescent

Implications For Refining Parenting During Child's Adolescence

The field of adolescent psychology is increasingly focused on parents; with researchers asking how mothers and fathers control themselves in difficult interactions with their children. As anyone who has raised a teenager knows; parental goals often do not exactly align with those of the child. Sometimes, not even close. “Discipline issues usually peak during toddlerhood…