All news from ENT

Auditory disorders

New Insights Into The Processing of Speech

Scientists have uncovered a new “division of labor” between our brain’s two hemispheres; in how we comprehend the words and other sounds we hear; a finding that offers new insights into the processing of speech and points to ways to address auditory disorders. “Our findings point to a new way to think about; the division…

Virology

HPV: Untransmittable Through Hand

Commonly known as HPV, Human papillomavirus is a virus that infects the skin and genital area, in many cases leading to a variety of genital, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers in men and women. Strong evidence exists showing that penetrative genital sex and oral sex can transmit HPV. However, while HPV is also often detected in…

Pregnancy and childbirth

Reductions In Maternal And Newborn Mortality In Indonesia

A U.S.-funded initiative to improve quality of care and referrals during pregnancy and childbirth in Indonesia resulted in significant reductions in maternal; newborn mortality at participating hospitals; according to a new study led by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The $55-million initiative; known as Expanding Maternal and Neonatal Survival (EMAS).…

Radiotherapy

Some Tumors Grow Back Aggressively After Radiation Chemotherapy

Many of the commonly used cancer treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy, kill tumor cells. But sometimes, after those cells have died and been cleared away, a tumor will respond by growing faster and more aggressively. And scientists don’t know why. Using computer modeling techniques, researchers at Northeastern may have found the answer. Intentional damage…

Testicular Seminoma

The Treatment Of Testicular Seminoma

Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) could potentially a first-line option for men with stage II A/B testicular seminoma in order to reduce long-term toxicity and secondary malignancies; suggest data from two new studies. Although RPLND is currently rarely used as first-line therapy in testicular seminoma, overall survival rates appear to excellent; presenters said here at…

Cancer

Cancers Of The Heart Are Rare And Here's Why

“The fatigue I was experiencing was unreal,” said Mitchell, 62, of Paris, Tennessee. “It was beyond feeling tired; I would come home from work and had no energy to do anything.” Mitchell saw doctor after doctor. After a stress test, a sleep apnea assessment and other evaluations, one doctor sent her for a CT scan of…

Radio daignosis

Breast Cancer Treatment Delayed For Women With High Insurance Plans

Most insurance plans are required to cover routine mammograms to screen for cancer in full. But diagnostic mammograms, commonly ordered to get a better look at possible abnormalities that may have been obscured by dense tissue and cysts, can lead to bills for patients  especially those who, like Quinn, have a high-deductible health plan. Health implications…

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis Discovery Points To New Treatment

Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have identified an unexpected contributor; to rheumatoid arthritis that may help explain the painful flare-ups associated with the disease. The discovery points to a potential new treatment for the autoimmune disorder; may also allow the use of a simple blood test to detect people at elevated…

Transfusion medicine

Increase In Adverse Outcomes For People Taking Aspirin And Warfarin

A daily aspirin is a commonly use, generally safe therapy for people who need help preventing heart attacks or stroke. But new Michigan Medicine research finds more reason to reconsider aspirin use when a patient is also taking an anticoagulant. The study, just published in JAMA Internal Medicine, reveals a significant increase in adverse outcomes for…

Neurodegenerative

How Blood Vessels Protect The Brain During Inflammation

The blood vessel wall serves as a selective; semipermeable barrier separating blood constituents from tissue parenchyma. The functional interactions between neighboring vascular endothelial cells (vECs); their adhesion to the basement membrane; and the apical/luminal glycocalyx all contribute to barrier architecture and function. Researchers from the University of British Columbia have discovered how blood vessels protect…

Nuclear Medicine

Diagnostic Imaging Methods For The Lymphadenopathies In HIV-Infected

To assess the percent agreement between diagnostic imaging modalities for the evaluation of lymphadenopathies in HIV-infected/AIDS patients.This was an open, comparative, prospective study of diagnostic imaging methods for lymphadenopathy evaluation. We evaluated 30 patients . All underwent ultrasound and computed tomography (CT). Twenty of the patients also underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Molecular structure We…

Type 1 diabetes

Cellular Sickness Linked To Type 1 Diabetes Onset

A UC San Francisco study of human and mouse pancreatic tissue; suggests a new origin story for type 1 (T1) diabetes. The findings flip current assumptions about the causes of the disease; on their head and demonstrate a promising new preventative strategy that dramatically reduced disease risk in laboratory animals. T1 diabetes is an autoimmune…