All news from R&D

Research in mice

Fasting-mimicking Diet: Treating Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What if a special diet could reduce inflammation and repair your gut? USC researchers provided evidence that a low-calorie “fasting-mimicking” diet has the potential to do just that. Published in Cell Reports, the study reports on the health benefits of periodic cycles of the diet for people with inflammation and indicated that the diet reversed…

antibiotics

Develop Biophotonic System To Detect Antibiotic Allergies

The detection of allergies to antibiotics is currently with a series of in vivo skin tests; they are invasive, and as such, entail inconveniences. Although in vitro methods do exist; they are not sufficiently sensitive and can lead to an inaccurate diagnosis. Furthermore, only a small number of allergens are analyzed; tests are slow and…

Developmental biology

Copious Amounts Of Adult Stem Cells: Endothelial Cells Produce

Promises broad clinical benefits, from bone marrow transplantation to therapies for heart, brain, skin and lungs. In a leap toward making stem cell therapy widely available, researchers at the Ansary Stem Cell Institute at Weill Cornell Medical College have discovered that endothelial cells, the most basic building blocks of the vascular system, produce growth factors…

Potential drug compounds

3D Protein Structure: New Mechanism For Anti-cancer Drugs

A research team at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) has discovered; a new mechanism; for a class of anti-cancer drugs known as E1 inhibitors. Their findings, published in Nature Communications, reveal a novel binding site that will promote drug design of more efficient E1 inhibitors. Solving 3D structures of proteins In the article,…

Skin diseases

Common Genetic Signature Among Three Rare Skin Diseases

Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), Kindler syndrome (KS) and Xeroderma pigmentosum C (XPC); are three cancer‐prone genodermatoses whose causal genetic mutations; cannot fully explain, on their own, the array of associated phenotypic manifestations. Recent evidence highlights the role of the stromal microenvironment in the pathology of these disorders. A group of researchers lead by a…

Rheumatic diseases

Group Increases Student Engagement With Rheumatology

Rheumatology is a branch of medicine to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Physicians who have undergone formal training in rheumatology are called rheumatologists. Rheumatologists deal mainly with immune-mediated disorders of the musculoskeletal system, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitides; heritable connective tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now to disorders of the immune…

Family medicine

Eating Healthy On A Limited Budget Is Possible

The affordability of healthy food is often cited as a barrier to low-income families eating nutritious meals. A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that with menu planning and access to stores selling items in bulk, the average daily cost for serving healthy meals to a family of four was $25…

Stress exposure in adolescence

Stress Exposure In Adolescence Increases Vulnerability And Risk

In individuals, stress exposure in adolescence increases vulnerability and risk of developing psychopathologies in adulthood; such as drug addiction, mood, anxiety, addiction to gambling; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Researchers at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona observed in animal models that the ability to control the source of stress diminishes its effects and could reduce the…

General surgery

Rate Of Opioid Rx Stable After Pediatric Outpatient Surgery

From 2013 to 2017, the rate of receiving a take-home opioid prescription remained stable after pediatric outpatient surgery as did the dose prescribed, but the maximum take-home dose declined, according to a study recently published in Pain Medicine. Gabrielle C. Donohoe, from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and colleagues conducted a retrospective analysis of a identified database…

Immunoheamatology

Killer T cells Explain Inability Of Immune Cells To Destroy Cancer Tumors

Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a defect in immune cells known as “killer T cells” that explains their inability to destroy cancer tumors. The researchers believe that repairing this defect could make the cells much better cancer killers. Further, they predict their discovery could be used within three to…

Pancreatic cancer

New Gene Predicts Pancreatic Cancer In Diabetic Patients

Mayo Clinic researchers have identified a gene called “UCP-1”; that may predict the development of pancreatic cancer in people with Type 2 diabetes. Their findings are published in Gastroenterology. “Developing strategies for the early detection of pancreatic cancer; so in people without symptoms is critical for improving survival,” says Suresh Chari, M.D.; a Mayo Clinic…

Nurse

Former Vanderbilt Nurse Pleads Not Guilty in Medical Error Death

A former nurse at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) in Nashville, Tennessee; has pleaded not guilty to reckless homicide after giving a patient the wrong medication. Nurses around the country, in particular the online nursing community; Show Me Your Stethoscope, have rallied in support of RaDonda Vaught, RN. In a statement issued the day before…