All news from R&D

BRAIN

Alzheimer’s-like Symptoms In Mice: Diet Reverses

A diet containing compounds found in green tea and carrots; reversed Alzheimer’s-like symptoms in mice genetically programmed to develop the disease; USC researchers say. Researchers emphasize that the study; recently published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, was in mice; and many mouse discoveries never translate into human treatments. Nevertheless, the findings lend credence to…

Smartphone App

Remote Blood Pressure Monitoring Via Smartphone App

People with both diabetes and uncontrolled high blood pressure who used a smartphone app to monitor their blood pressure remotely, get tips on healthful living and connect with a health coach saw significant declines in their blood pressure within six weeks, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual Scientific…

Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery

Given the high usage of radiation therapy (RT) for women ≥ 70 years of age with T1, estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) tumors undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT) despite data from randomized trials supporting omission of RT, researchers reviewed their institutional experience to determine if RT use is influenced by risk factors for local recurrence or comorbidities. They analyzed overall,…

Fucus vesiculosus

Optimization Of Phlorotannins Extraction From Fucus vesiculosus

Phlorotannins are phenolic compounds consisting of dehydro-oligomers or dehydro-polymers formed through the C–C and/or C–O–C oxidative coupling of phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene); monomeric units that are to occur particularly on brown macroalgae. Indeed, species such as Eisenia bicycles, Ishige okamurae, Sargassum thunbergii, Sargassum fusiforme, Undaria pinnatifida, and Ascophyllum nodosum. The Ecklonia and Fucus As well as algae belonging to the genera Cystophora,…

Epidemics

A Mumps Quarantine: On Rights Of Detained Immigrants

A mumps outbreak and quarantine at the Pine Prairie Immigration and Customs Enforcement Processing Center in Louisiana blocked immigrants from legal resources, including their lawyers and the law library, for about two weeks in January and February, according to the attorneys. The outbreak has also raised questions about how officials dealing with public health concerns…

Concussion

Sports-Related Concussions: Machines Predict Time

The prevalence of concussions in sports is well known. So, too, is the challenge clinicians and others face when they have to decide when an athlete can return to the game after a head injury. While most athletes recover from a sports-related concussion in about seven to 10 days, some need more time. This predicament…

Microbiota

The Microbiota Controls Neutrophil Activity: Study Finds

A host protein called Serum Amyloid A (Saa) is a major factor mediating the effects of the microbiota; on the function of immune cells called neutrophils; according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by John Rawls of Duke University School of Medicine, and colleagues. Experiments in zebrafish showed that Saa produced…

Nepal

Fear Of Leprosy Resurgence In Nepal

Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease; is a chronic infectious disease; caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes. Leprosy occurs at all ages ranging from early infancy to very old age. Leprosy is curable and early treatment averts most…

Wounds

Skin Bioprinting System Treats Large Wounds, Burns

Imagine a day when a bioprinter filled with a patient’s own cells can be wheeled right; to the bedside to treat large wounds or burns by printing skin, layer by layer, to begin the healing process. That day is not far off. Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) scientists have created such a mobile…

Knee osteoarthritis

Activity Levels In Adults With Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the leading cause of pain, mobility, and disability amongst older adults. Physical activity is for the management of KOA; as it can effectively improve symptoms including joint pain; as well as physical function and quality of life. Despite the benefits of physical activity; persons with KOA engage in less physical activity…

Spinal cord

How Nerve Fibers Enter Spinal Cord During Early Development

The somatosensory nerve detects sensory stimuli in the periphery and relays the information to the central nervous system (CNS). To ensure sensory information is rapid and uninterrupted; glial cells and axons coordinate at the dorsal root entry zone (DREZ); the CNS/peripheral nervous system (PNS) interface where sensory axons establish their dual domain nature. The nerve…

Autism

Prenatal Vitamins May Reduce The Risk Of Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder characterizing by difficulties with social interaction; communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs during the first three years of their child’s life. These signs often develop gradually; though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace before worsening. Autism is with a combination of…