All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Cigarette

Peer Relations: Linked To Smoking Behavior

Tobacco smoking is a preventable cause on health inequality and premature death. Youths studying for blue‐collar trades in vocational schools smoke significantly more than those youths who have selected academically orientated upper secondary school, that is high school. There are very few good quality studies conducted on smoking among vocational students. Smoking in adolescence leads…

Pharmacology

Symptomatic Pharmacotherapy Of Elderly People

The prevalence of using antidepressants and proton pump inhibitors increases after the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, according to a doctoral dissertation from the University of Eastern Finland. The use of antidepressants is associat with an increase risk of hip fracture among persons with and without Alzheimer’s disease. The use of proton pump inhibitors, however, did…

Insulin Dosing

AI Improves Insulin Dosing For Diabetics

Breakthrough artificial intelligence developed in Queensland could improve insulin dosing; but for diabetics and transform the way aeroplane engine wear-and-tear is monitored. University of Queensland alumnus Dr Nigel Greenwood from Evolving Machine Intelligence (EMI) developed the technology and worked with others from UQ to build real-world applications. Artificial intelligence methods in combination with the latest…

Alcohol

People Under Age 50 With Hearing Loss Will Misuse Alcohol, Drugs

People under age 50 with hearing loss misuse prescription opioids at twice the rate of their hearing peers, and are also more likely to misuse alcohol and other drugs, a new national study finds.This means that health care providers may need to take special care when treating pain and mental health conditions in deaf and…

Bones

How Does Estrogen Protect Bones?

Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become weak and prone to fractures. Fractures typically occur in the wrist, spine or hip, and can often lead to permanently impaired mobility. Women over 50 are at high risk of developing osteoporosis; which may due to the loss of estrogen that occurs after menopause. While studies have…

Radio daignosis

Ultrasonography Does Not Improve Breast Cancer Detection

Rates of breast-cancer detection are similar after screening mammography with or without screening ultrasonography, according to an observational study. Several states have mandated insurance coverage for screening ultrasonography in women with dense breasts, but the effect of supplemental screening on breast cancer outcomes remains unclear. Screening mammography Dr. Janie M. Lee from Seattle Cancer Care…

Better Multiplexing from Bruker

TB Diagnostic Assay For Better Multiplexing From Bruker

In time for the World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, Bruker today announced the launch of an important further innovation in the field of tuberculosis diagnostics. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), TB is among the most dangerous infectious diseases worldwide, ranking alongside HIV/AIDS as a cause for death. One of the targets of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development…

Heart failure

Cardiovascular Monitoring System For Heart Failure In Home

There is a pressing need to reduce the hospitalization rate of heart failure patients to limit rising health care costs and improve outcomes. Tracking physiologic changes to detect early deterioration in the home has the potential to reduce hospitalization rates through early intervention. However, classical approaches to in home monitoring have had limited success, with…

AIDS

Privacy Concerns Keep Men From HIV Testing

Privacy concerns linked to both health facilities and providers are major barriers to increasing the number of men who are tested and treated for HIV in Cote d’Ivoire, suggests new Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP) research. CCP is based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The findings, published in the…

General surgery

Watchful Waiting In Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis

Patients with severe aortic stenosis who have no symptoms may benefit more from an aggressive strategy of early valve replacement than from a conservative watch-and-wait approach, according to new research published today online in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. “They know that surgery carries a small risk and that has been one of the reasons to…

Kidney diseases

New Approach For Measuring CKD Quality Of Life

CKD, its comorbid conditions, and its treatment substantially burden patients’ health-related quality of life (QOL). Kidney diseases, even those with diverse clinical presentations such as polycystic kidney disease and nephrotic syndrome; are with substantial QOL impairment. Generic QOL measures have the advantage of enabling comparisons of disease burden across CKD and other conditions; whereas disease-specific…

Acute myocardial infarction

Myocardial Infarction Less Frequent, Less Deadly Over 20 Years

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is undergoing a transition. For the last 2 decades, Medicare has focused on improving quality of care for patients with AMI; so starting with the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. Studies have reported improvements in quality and reductions in AMI hospitalizations; so risk of short-term mortality during various periods within this time span.…