All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Flying Machines

Magnificent Women And Their Flying Machines

One of the best places to hear stories of women breaking traditional barriers is in the Indian Air Force (IAF); more generally, women who work in and with the sky. For me, it’s the most exciting subversion of a range of elite jobs fighter pilot; aerospace engineer, navigator, missile scientist, aviation medicine specialist that have…

Cancer

Compound Damaged DNA: Connection To Cancer

For more than a decade, scientists have worked to understand the connection between colibactin, a compound produced by certain strains of E. coli, and colorectal cancer, but have been hampered by their inability to isolate the compound. So Emily Balskus instead decided to focus on the mess it leaves behind. A Professor of Chemistry and Chemical…

Epedemics

In Brazil, Link Between Zika Infection And Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the brain does not develop properly resulting in a smaller than normal head. Microcephaly may be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life. Often people with this disorder have an intellectual disability, poor motor function, poor speech, abnormal facial features, seizures, and dwarfism. The disorder may…

Retina and brain

Visual Processing Between The Retina And The Brain

Researchers in Munich and Tuebingen find that processing of visual stimuli occurs at the earliest waystation; on the way to the visual cortex but not all inputs are treated equally. In humans, the visual system collects up to 80 % of all the sensory data received from the environment. In order to make sense of…

Hospitalized

A Flu Shot While Hospitalized Lowers Heart Attack Risk

There’s now another reason to get your yearly flu shot. Not only can it protect you from the body aches, fever and fatigue associated with a bout of influenza, it may even prevent you from having a heart attack, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual Scientific Session. The…

Polycystic kidney disease

Water As A Potential Treatment For Kidney Failure

People with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) could benefit from a moderate increase in water intake; according to new research. A study from The Westmead Institute for Medical Research finds that a moderate increase in water intake with PKD led to a long-term reduction in kidney cyst growth and fibrosis. These latest findings add to the…

Pathogenesis

Cytomegalovirus Infection And Environmental Allergens

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that can infect almost anyone. Once infected, your body retains the virus for life. Most people don’t know they have CMV because it rarely causes problems in healthy people. But if you’re pregnant or have a weakened immune system, CMV is cause for concern. A woman who develops an…

Nuclear medicine

FDG-PET/MRI Imaging For The Management Of Alveolar Echinococcosis

echinococcosis (AE) is a potentially life-threatening parasitic zoonosis caused by the larval stages of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. Transmission of E. multilocularis is document in regions of all continents of the Northern Hemisphere including traditional hotspots of transmission in Central Europe. Human settlements An increase in the incidence of human patients with AE has…

General surgery

Online Plastic Surgery Ratings Written By Patients After Abdominoplasty

For patients undergoing “tummy tuck” surgery (abdominoplasty), satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome is the main factor affecting whether they write a positive or negative online review for their plastic surgeon, reports the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Medicine and colleagues. But interactions…

Radiation therapy

Radiation After Surgery Triples Survival For A Type Of Pediatric Brain Tumor

Radiation immediately following surgery in children with ependymoma, the third most common pediatric brain tumor, can nearly triple survival. The results are part of a Children’s Oncology Group (COG) clinical trial led by Thomas E. Merchant, D.O., Ph.D., of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. The findings appear as an advance online publication this week in…

Human Acne

“Good” And “Bad” Bacteria Affect Human Acne

Researchers have long believed that Propionibacterium acnes causes acne. But these bacteria are plentiful on everyone’s skin and yet not everyone gets acne, or experiences it to the same degree. Genetic sequencing recently revealed that not all P. acnes are the same; there are different strains, some of which are abundant in acne lesions and some that are…

Brain regions

Brain Regions Process Concrete And Abstract

Review of imaging studies finds specific brain regions process types of word meanings separately. A new review explores the different areas of the brain that process the meaning of concrete and abstract concepts. The article print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP). The words that make up our language can divided into two categories of…