All news from Endocrinology

Pancreatic Ductal AdenocarcinomaPancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Novel Target For Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Super-enhancers (SEs) are unique areas of the genome which drive high-level of transcription; and play a pivotal role in the cell physiology. Previous studies have established several important genes in cancer as SE-driven oncogenes. It is likely that oncogenes may hack the resident tissue regenerative program; and interfere with SE-driven repair networks, leading to the…

General surgery

More Women Are Enteringc plastic surgery Residency Programs

While the proportion of women entering plastic surgery residency programs has increased in recent years, numbers of Black and Hispanic trainees are declining or unchanged, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Student applications “Despite increases in all three…

Sports diet

Mediterranean Diet Can Improve Athletes Performance

Researchers at Saint Louis University have found that eating a Mediterranean diet can improve athletes’ endurance exercise performance after just four days. In a small study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, investigators found that participants ran a 5K six percent faster after eating a Mediterranean diet than after eating a Western…

Tropical

Africa's Tsetse Population: Machine-learning Based Imaging

The tsetse fly has wreaked devastation across large swaths of sub-Saharan Africa. About the size of a housefly, the insect transmits a parasite that can be lethal to both humans (sleeping sickness) and animals (nagana) – especially cattle. In many countries of the sub-Sahara, there are large regions where farmers cannot raise cattle; most eventually…

Anesthesiology

General Anesthesia In Early Infancy Unlikely To Have Lasting Effects

A single hour of general anesthesia in early infancy longer than is necessary to perform the most common types of minor surgeries in childhood does not result in measurable neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems up to the age of 5 years; according to the first randomized trial of its kind involving 722 infants in seven countries;…

Radiotherapy

Imaging Technique Reveals Differences Between Radiation

Researchers have started pilot clinical studies in head and neck cancer patients to determine if Raman spectroscopy, a noninvasive imaging technique, can effectively spare some patients of the toxic side effects of ineffective radiation therapy. Researchers at the University of Arkansas, Johns Hopkins University and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) used the…

Labia

What Do Normal Labia Look Like?

Women’s genitals are as diverse as our faces, as you can see in the Labia Library photo gallery. They are accustomed to some faces being accepted as “beautiful”; and know that the standard varies across time and culture. They may less familiar with the idea that similar judgments are made about the vulva. The vulva…

Biomarker

Life-limiting Lung Condition: New Diagnostic Clues

A new biomarker that could be used to provide earlier diagnosis for a life-limiting lung condition has been identified by researchers at the University of Bradford. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) affects around 6,500 people in the UK and is caused by a narrowing of the arteries supplying blood to the lungs. This leads to high…

General Medicine

First Pocket-Size Device Revolutionize Personal Healthcare

At age 16, Chang Hun Lee was obese. In fact, at 185 pounds, he had already been diagnosed as prediabetic. Fortunately for Lee, he got his health back on track before it was too late. Now the senior at the University of Illinois’ Gies College of Business wants to make sure others can be proactive…

Blindness

Health Burden Of Glaucoma Worldwide

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide; accounting for 8% blindness in 2010. Glaucoma affected 64.3 million people in 2013, which will increase to 76.0 million in 2040 and further to 111.8 million in 2040. Its distribution was extremely disproportionate; with about 60% of any glaucoma and 76.7% of primary angle closure glaucoma…

Protein

Selenocysteine, The Mysterious 21st Amino Acid

All the cells of an organism contain a copy of DNA in their nucleus. In order to implement the instructions it contains; this DNA must be copied into an RNA molecule; which reaches the ribosomes, which in turn read this information and synthesise proteins. The codons, animo acid triplets that form proteins; and are the…

Immune Hematology

Process Of Gut Based Cells Involved In Long Term Immunity

Only a few vaccines – for example, against polio and rota virus – can be given orally. Most must be delivered by injection. Weizmann Institute of Science researchers suggest this may be, in part, because the training program of the immune cells in the gut takes place under harsh conditions. Dr. Ziv Shulman and research…