All news from Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh

Health in Bangladesh

Dhaka's Toxic Air: A Major Public Health Concern

The electronic and press media in Bangladesh has recently highlighted the findings of the 2018 World Air Quality Report published by Greenpeace and AirVisual. As per this report, Bangladesh has the most polluted air in the world, and Dhaka is the second most polluted capital city. An Air Quality Index is a summary scorecard that…

Concussion

Role Of A Deep Brain Structure In Concussion

Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain’s two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems. The assumption is straightforward — that damage to the corpus callosum could affect coordination between the two halves —…

Sight Loss

World's First Gene Therapy Operation For Sight Loss

Researchers in Oxford have carried out the world’s first gene therapy operation to tackle the root cause of age-related macular degeneration (AMD); the UK’s most common cause of sight loss. The procedure was carried out at the John Radcliffe Hospital support of the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre in a clinical trial sponsored by Gyroscope…

Microbiology

Sophistication Of Microbial Warfare

It could be the plot of an espionage-filled, war-time thriller, or the blow-by-blow of sparring judo masters. But instead it’s a true story of molecular warfare between microbes, beginning when a virus latches into a bacterium and injects its DNA, the first step toward infection. Scientists have known for a century that viruses attack and…

Nuclear medicine

Nuclear Medicine Tracers Make It Easier To Diagnose The cancer

Researchers have identified two new nuclear medicine tracers that make it easier to diagnose and potentially treat cancer. A proof-of-concept investigation, published in the March issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, reports that 68Ga-FAPI positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) provides high-contrast images with quality equal to or better than that of the standard 18F-FDG imaging.…

Research in Bangladesh

Molecular Cancer Diagnosis In Bangladesh

Praava Health, a network of family health centres in Dhaka, has opened molecular cancer diagnostics laboratory in Bangladesh. Praava will soon offer immunohistochemistry services and expanded cancer risk panels to provide more nuanced cancer diagnoses. Data on the cancer burden in Bangladesh are unreliable and sparse. The estimation is that there were more than 100,000…

Family medicine

Healthy Diets May Protect Against Dementia

One study looked at participants following a Mediterranean-style diet,  the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, and A Priori Diet Quality Scores (APDQS) (a food quality score based on the nutritional benefits of particular foods). The study included over 2600 participants, both male and female, aged 25 – 45 years. The diet of each participant…

Air pollution

Air Pollution May Impact Fetal Cardiovascular System

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particles, and biological molecules are into Earth’s atmosphere. It may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause harm to other living organisms; such as animals and food crops and may damage the natural or built environment. Both human activity…

Skin pathogenesis

Seawater Provide New Leads: In Malignant Melanoma

Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas typically occur in the skin, but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye. In women, they most commonly occur on the legs, while in men they are most common on the back. Sometimes they develop from a mole with changes such…

Infant feeding

Link Between Childhood Obesity And Early Infant Feeding

New research from Western Sydney University suggests that infants in South Western Sydney introduced; to formula and solid foods within the first four months could twice as likely to suffer from childhood obesity. The study, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; so tracked the health and weight of 346 infants…

Hematology

Professor Awarded NIH Grant For Thrombosis Research

Wei Li, M.D., Ph.D., an associate professor in the department of biomedical science at the Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine was recently awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further his research on thrombosis. Systemic diseases Thrombosis occurs when blood clots block your blood vessels. It is a…

Transfusion medicine

Older Stored Blood Transfusions And Bacterial Pneumonia

Human blood from donors can be stored for use up to 42 days, and it is a mainstay therapy in transfusion medicine. However, recent studies looking back at patient records have shown that transfusion with older; stored blood is associated with adverse effects. For severely injured patients who have massive bleeding and receive many transfusion…