All news from Health Policy in India

Health service in India

India’s Poorest Women Benefit Less From Public Health

Despite a four-fold increase in the number of women and children receiving supplementary nutrition under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme in the 10 years to 2016, a large proportion of the poorest have not benefited, a new study has found. Women who were uneducated or from the poorest households had lower access to…

Lung disease

Using Precision Medicine, Treatment For Specific Lung Disease

The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails. In mammals and most other vertebrates; two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their function in the respiratory system; is to extract oxygen from the atmosphere and…

Hospital Cleaning

Trial of Hospital Cleaning Practices Reduces Infections

The hospital environment is a reservoir for the transmission of microorganisms. The effect of improved cleaning on patient-centred outcomes remains unclear. The researchers aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an environmental cleaning bundle to reduce health care-associated infections in hospitals. A major trial of a bundle of hospital cleaning practices in 11 Australian hospitals has…

blood transfusion

New Method To Assess Platelet Health Could Help ER Doctors

Emergency room doctors often have only a few minutes to determine which patients are in need of a blood transfusion But currently doctors have no direct method to assess the health of one of the most critical component of the blood platelets. These tiny blood cells play a huge role in helping blood clot after an injury.…

Trauma centers

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Access To Trauma Centers

An analysis of census tract data for neighborhoods in America’s three largest cities suggests black-majority neighborhoods; are associated with disparities in access to trauma centers. The study paired census tract data for New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago; with coordinates for trauma centers within a five-mile buffer. Black-majority neighborhoods were more likely than white-majority…

Developmental biology

Secrets Of Early Life: Half A Teaspoon Of Blood

A global team of scientists have mapped the developmental pathway of a newborn’s life for the first time. The research, published in Nature Communications, could transform our understanding of health and disease in babies. Co-led by the MRC Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the new study included lifting the…

The kidneys

Computer Kidney Could Provide Safer New Medications

The kidneys are paired organs, which have the production of urine as their primary function. Kidneys are seen in many types of animals; including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are part of the urinary system but have several secondary functions concerned with homeostatic functions. These include the regulation of electrolytes, acid-base balance; blood pressure. In producing…

FDA

FDA Reports Detail Harm Caused By Scores Of Medical Devices

Dr. Douglas Kwazneski was helping a Pittsburgh surgeon remove an appendix when something jarring happened. The surgical stapler meant to cut and seal the tissue around the appendix locked up. Kwazneski later turned to the Food and Drug Administration’s public database that tracks medical device failures and “there was nothing,” he said. Yet when he surveyed…

Fracture in children

Predicts The Risk Of Fracture In Children

Femoral stress, a biomechanical assessment derived from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); predicts the risk of fracture in children, according to results from The Generation R study. “Although the use of hip DXA scans in the pediatric population is not to assess bone health; they found in our study that data derived from these scans actually…

Virology

Understanding Of How Some Viruses Multiply

Scientists have shown that different segments of a virus genome can exist in distinct cells; but work together to cause an infection. The findings, published in the open-access journal eLife, upturn a fundamental model in virology that a virus genome enters and replicates within a single cell and then moves on to replicate in another.…

Influenza

Less Common Proteins May Fend Off The Flu

Influenza type B, though generally less widespread than type A, poses a formidable threat for vulnerable populations like the elderly and the young. In the 2012-2013 flu season, for example, influenza type B caused the majority of deaths due to flu among children, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Findings…

general anaesthesia

Doctors Tell If You Wake Up During Surgery

Waking up during surgery it’s terrifying to think about. But it does happen. There is evidence that around 5 % of people may experience so-called anesthesia awareness at some point on the operating table, though not everyone remembers it. Living through such an event can be traumatic and painful. So what can be done to…