All news from Ophthalmology

Optical coherence tomography

Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Eye Problems

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA); may detect eye abnormalities in patients taking hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) longer than five years to treat systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); a pilot study conducted in Spain suggests. SS-OCTA could provide more valuable data to detect early HCQ retinopathy when compared with the actually existent screening tools. In Barcelona evaluated 20…

Premature

Possible Causes Of And Protectors Against Premature Birth

Seven types of bacteria and certain immune factors in a woman’s vagina and cervix may responsible for increasing the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) or protect against it. So the results of the study provide groundbreaking information that the authors suggest could help physicians better predict preterm birth; especially for African-American women early in…

Tunneling towards better diagnosis

HIV/Tuberculosis Co-infection

The tuberculosis (TB) bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis(Mtb), and HIV-1 act synergistically; however, the mechanisms by which Mtb exacerbates HIV-1 pathogenesis are not well known. Using in vitro and ex vivo cell culture systems, we show that human M(IL-10) anti-inflammatory macrophages, present in TB-associated microenvironment, produce high levels of HIV-1. In vivo, M(IL-10) macrophages are expanded in lungs of co-infected non-human primates, which correlates with disease severity. The…

Bacteria

Salmonella Could Be Combated

Due to the critical role played by autophagy in pathogen clearance, pathogens have developed diverse strategies to subvert it. Despite previous key findings of bacteria-autophagy interplay, asystems-level insight into selective targeting by the host and autophagy modulation by the pathogens is lacking. Researchers predicted potential interactions between human autophagy proteins and effector proteins from 56…

Palliative radiotherapy

Palliative Radiotherapy Near The End Of Life

More than half of patients treat with radiotherapy (RT) are treat with palliative intent. RT has well establish utility for pain palliation from bone metastases; which may be use to improve neurological function or prevent further neurological compromise in patients with brain or spinal cord metastases, and can be use to alleviate symptoms due to…

effective bicep curls

Tone Your Upper Arms

Build up your biceps and triceps with these simple arm exercises from the American Council on Exercise. Learn valuable how-to information and get expert fitness advice that will help you strengthen your arm muscle groups including the biceps, triceps and wrists. They have a wide variety of arm strengthening exercises from the beginner to advanced…

family medicine

Patient Online Consultation Requests 'Mirror' Busiest Surgery Times

Patients are using online consultations in the same way they would arrange a consultation via traditional means; a new independent evaluation by the University of Warwick reveals. Despite this; the study identifies several opportunities to tailor online platforms to specific patient requirements and improve their experience. Online consultation platforms Primary care researchers from Warwick Medical School…

Health in India

The Next Government Can Tackle Jobs, Health And Farm Crises

Since the pre-election code of conduct is now in force governments cannot announce new policies. Yet elections often provide the opportunity for the rest of us to think about new directions for the country. I’ll take this opportunity to suggest a small selection of economic policy directions which cry out to be adopted, and to…

General medicine

Rise In Cannabis Use Among Canadian Youth

National discussions on cannabis legalization, along with increased access to medical marijuana, may have encouraged more high school students to consume the drug years before it became legal in Canada. A recent study using data from more than 230,000 questionnaires by Canadian high school students in grades 9 to 12 found that almost 10% reported…

Family medicine

Alternative Approach To Achieve Wider Access To Care

Medicare-for-all, a solution that would bring United States healthcare policies more in line with other industrial nations, faces strong opposition and is unlikely to be enacted in the foreseeable future. A commentary appearing in the American Journal of Medicine, published by Elsevier, proposes another approach that the authors believe would achieve wider access to care without…

Anesthesiology

Benefit For Volatile Anesthesia In Elective CABG Surgery

In a comparison of gas versus needle, a new pragmatic trial has shown that using a volatile anesthesia agent during elective coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) did not produce fewer deaths after one year. The MYRIAD trial is stopp for futility after 2.8% of the 2,709 patients in the volatile anesthetics group died and 3.0% of…

Risk for stomach cancer

Bacterium That Increases Risk For Stomach Cancer

More than half of the people in the world host colonies of a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori in their stomachs. Although it’s harmless to many, H. pylori can cause stomach cancer as well as ulcers and other gastric conditions. Doctors tend to prescribe multiple antibiotics to defeat the microbe, but that strategy can lead to…