All news from Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Drug Prices

Lawmakers United Against High Drug Prices Bare Partisan Teeth

While the high cost of prescription drug prices seems to be a universally agreed-upon trouble spot; in the American health system, a House Ways and Means subcommittee hearing Thursday showed that Democrats and Republicans; but are still miles apart on what to do about it. The hearing, focused on using Medicare to encourage affordability, competition…

Research in mice

PTSD-like Behavior At Bay In Female Mice

More than 30 years ago, scientists discovered that neurological illnesses such as mad cow and Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases are caused by misfolded proteins called prions. But in recent years, Nobel laureate Eric Kandel, MD, demonstrated in mice that some prions are beneficial and serve important biological functions in the brain and body. And today, new Columbia…

General surgery

Prostate Cancer Patients Believe Robotic Surgery Is Superior

Robotic surgery for prostate cancer an increasingly popular treatment option is not proven as more effective, yet many patients believe that it is, a new UNSW and Ingham Institute study shows. An Australian-first study by a team at UNSW Medicine, the Ingham Institute and South Western Sydney Local Health District has shown that prostate cancer patients mistakenly…

Gastroenterology

Sufferers Exhibit A Distinctive Microbial Signature In The Gut

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is manifested by a range of digestive problems such as pain, bloating, constipation or diarrhea. It is estimated that 10 – 20% of the Western population is affected by it. Often a diet or probiotics are prescribe to treat it but gut-directed hypnotherapy also alleviates symptoms. There are a lot of…

Aircraft

Considerations For Fixed-Wing Air Medical Transports

The need to move ill or injured patients from one location to another by air is not a new concept. Injured soldiers among the first patients in history to transport by air to a medical facility; beginning with the use of hot air balloons in 1784. Since fixed-wing aircraft was developed in 1903; the use…

Physical medicine

Tone Up Your Triceps: Top Strength Exercises

Working your triceps might not always be top of mind, but toning the muscles that run along the backs of your upper arms is key to the smooth functioning of your elbows and to also give bare arms a sleeker look. For a study sponsored by the American Council on Exercise (ACE), scientists from the…

Tropical

Early Detection of Dengue Virus: New Sensing Tool

Dr Paulo Rocha from the University of Bath’s Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering is developing a low-cost integrative sensing tool for early detection of Dengue virus, using a novel platform containing electrical sensors to investigate the behavior of human cells infected with Dengue virus.When someone is infected by the Dengue virus it produces proteins,…

Mesenchymal stem cells

Osteogenic Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Osteogenic differentiation is a sophisticated and tightly regulated biological process. In response to specific stimuli, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoblasts; the bone-forming cells, through a multistep process characterized by four major phases: commitment toward the osteogenic lineage, osteoprogenitor cells proliferation; osteoblast maturation, and bone matrix mineralization. Induction of the differentiation process and progression…

Antibiotic

Antibiotic-Resistant Germs Is Increasing Worldwide

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe. Therefore the term antibiotic resistance (AR or ABR) is a subset of AMR; as it applies only to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat; requiring alternative medications or…

Immune hematology

Precision Drugs Unmask Cancers To Immune System

Precision cancer drugs called PARP inhibitors have a previously unknown ability to boost the immune system, and could help many more patients benefit from immunotherapy; a new study reveals. Scientists found that PARP inhibitors sparked a powerful immune response when used against cancer cells with weaknesses in repairing their DNA. Immunotherapies The study changes our understanding of how…

Hematology

Vitreoretinal Lymphoma Patients Correlated With Shorter Survival Time

Vitreoretinal lymphoma patients with subretinal pigment epithelial infiltration had a shorter survival time while those who were younger than 55 years had a longer survival rate, a study found. The retrospective review evaluated patient charts and obituaries of 95 vitreoretinal lymphoma patients at Wills Eye Hospital between Jan. 1, 1984, and July 30, 2018. Clinical trials It…

Radiodaignosis

CT Scans Used In Cancer Diagnostics Provide Valuable Clues

An imaging procedure commonly performed before starting cancer treatment can provide valuable clues about a patient’s risk for heart problems in the months and years after treatment. However, this information is not always report and is rarely act upon in current practice; according to research being present at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual…