All news from Hematology & Oncology

Haematology

Blood Diseases Cured With Bone Marrow Transplant

Doubling the low amount of total body radiation delivered to patients undergoing bone marrow transplants with donor cells that are only “half-matched” increased the rate of engraftment from only about 50 % to nearly 100 %, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. The findings, published online Mar. 13 in The Lancet Haematology,…

Juvenile arthritis

Treatment Of Children With Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is a disease in which there is inflammation(swelling) of the synovium in children aged 16 or younger. The synovium is the tissue that lines the inside of joints. Juvenile arthritis is an autoimmune disease. That means the immune system, which normally protects the body from foreign substances, attacks the body instead. A team of scientists…

Gastroenterology

Socioeconomic Status Linked To Chances Of Surviving Anal Cancer

If you are from a lower income area, your chances of surviving anal cancer are significantly reduced, according to a new study led by investigators at NYU Langone Health’s Perl mutter Cancer Center, and publishing online March 12, 2018 in Cancer. Among the first of its kind, the study shows that both overall survival and…

Exercise

Light Physical Activity: Lower Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease

Light physical activity such as gardening, strolling through a park, and folding clothes might be enough to significantly lower the risk of cardiovascular disease among women 63 and older, a new study has found. This kind of activity, researchers said, appears to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease events such as stroke or heart failure…

AIDS

Drinking Linked To HIV

Youth living in the slums of Uganda; infected with both HIV and sexually transmitted infections; are more likely to engage in problem drinking, according to a study led by Georgia State University. HIV prevalence among individuals living in Uganda is high, and Uganda is one of the few countries where HIV rates are increasing rather…

Pathology

Stopping Cholera: With Bacteriophages

Cholera strikes almost 3 million people each year worldwide, causing 95,000 deaths. An acute diarrheal infection, it’s prevalent in regions with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation. Now Tufts researchers are developing a treatment to prevent the spread of cholera, using viruses to attack the bacterium that causes the disease. It’s different than current…

Trauma Systems

Current Snapshot And Forward Look At Global Trauma Systems

National trauma systems play a critical role in improving survival and reducing disability from musculoskeletal and other injuries. An update on trauma systems around the world and priorities for developing and standardizing care; in lower- and higher-income countries is presented in a supplement to OTA International, open-access journal of the Orthopedic Trauma Association. The journal…

Radiotherapy

What 5G Means For Our Health

Much to the excitement of Australians, solid plans to roll out fast 5G mobile communication technology were announced in 2018. Behind the scenes, studies modelling the absorption patterns of 5G electromagnetic energy in human tissue authored by Professor Andrew Wood’s Swinburne team has helped form the basis for international discussions on safety regulation and design.…

Eczema

FDA OKs Dupilumab for Moderate-to-Severe Eczema in Teens

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved dupilumab (Dupixent, Sanofi/Regeneron) for adolescents aged 12 to 17 years with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis poorly controlled with topical prescription therapies or when those therapies are not advisable. Dupixent can be used with or without topical corticosteroids. Dupilumab is a targeted biologic therapy that inhibits interleukin-4 and interleukin-13; but…

Mice eyesight

Single Gene Insertion, Blind Mice Regain Sight

It was surprisingly simple. University of California, Berkeley, scientists inserted a gene for a green-light receptor into the eyes of blind mice and, a month later, they were navigating around obstacles as easily as mice with no vision problems. They were able to see motion, brightness changes over a thousandfold range and fine detail on…

Biotechnology

New Technology: Detect Virus That Poses A Threat To Humans

Researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have developed a computational method; that designs molecular “baits” for any strains of virus known to infect humans. This includes viruses such as Zika; which are difficult to detect due to their low abundance in clinical samples. The new approach could help genomic sequencing centers; across…

Space medicine

Space Medicine: War on Flu and Pneumonia, Sleep

Space medicine is the practice of medicine on astronauts in outer space whereas astronautical hygiene is the application; of science and technology to the prevention or control of exposure to the hazards that may cause astronaut ill health. Both these sciences work together to ensure that astronauts work in a safe environment. The main objective…