All news from Bio-Physics

Biotechnology

AI Types Used In Pharmaceutical R and D

The advances in Artificial intelligence (AI) have successfully propagated into the many areas such as computer vision, speech recognition, and natural language processing. AI is now rapidly propagating into the areas requiring substantial domain expertise such as biology, chemistry promising to speed up, improving the success rates, and lower the cost of drug discovery and…

Heart Attack

Depression Screening Does Not Improve QoL In Heart Attack Patients

After suffering a heart attack or unstable angina (chest pain caused by blocked arteries), patients who were systematically screened for depression and referred for treatment when appropriate did not show a significant improvement in quality of life compared with those who received no depression screening, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s…

net hospital

Readmission Penalties And Safety Net Hospitals

Researchers say their risk adjustment model could reduce the financial penalty for at least half of all safety net hospitals, which care for patients regardless of their insurance status or ability to pay. And in some cases, it could render them free from any penalty. Conversely, more affluent hospitals those that care for higher-income, better-educated…

Smoking

Nicotine Addiction From Vaping Is A Bigger Problem

Data show clearly that young people are vaping in record numbers. And despite the onslaught of reports and articles highlighting not only its dangers; but the marketing tactics seemingly aimed to hook teens and young adults; the number of vaping users continues to climb. These teens may be overlooking (or underestimating) a key ingredient; in…

Renal transplantation

New Insights On Common Post-Transplant Condition

Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Therefore kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor (formerly known as cadaveric), or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ. Living-donor renal transplants are further characterized as genetically related (living-related) or non-related (living-unrelated)…

Outbreak

228 Measles Cases Already In 2019

In a given year, more measles cases can occur for any of the following reasons: an increase in the number of travelers who get measles abroad and bring it into the U.S., and/or further spread of measles in U.S. communities with pockets of unvaccinated people. The U.S. experienced 17 outbreaks in 2018. Three outbreaks in…

Preeclampsia

Imaging Technique Can Help Detect Preeclampsia In Pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy by the onset of high blood pressure and often a significant amount of protein in the urine. When it arises, the condition begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. In severe disease, there may be red blood cell breakdown, a low blood platelet count, impaired liver function, kidney dysfunction, swelling, shortness of breath due…

Head And Neck Cancer

New Tool Predicts Post-Surgery Problems In Head And Neck Cancer

A new preoperative risk index can help predict short-term adverse events (AEs); following surgery for head and neck cancer, according to Canadian researchers. Surgical resection and radiotherapy are the mainstays of treatment for this type of malignancy, but as many as 40% of patients experience postoperative AEs, the team notes in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck…

Radio daignosis

Ultrasound Serve as An Early Bone Density Screening Tool

A small study has suggested that ultrasound of the heel bone could be a reasonable alternative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to distinguish individuals with low bone mineral density (BMD). “Using ultrasound to scan the heel won’t give us all the information we could gather with a full DEXA scan,” lead author Carolyn Komar, PhD,…

Hematology

New Method For Making Anti Leukemia Compounds

Chemistry researchers at Oregon State University have patented a method for making anti leukemia compounds that until now have only been available via an Asian tree that produces them. The synthesis of cephalotaxine and homoharringtonine (HHT) paves the way toward less-expensive, more readily available leukemia drugs whose production is not subject to the risks and…

AIDS

Young Adults: To Engage In Unsafe Sex

Gender, sexual orientation, and the desire to form lasting romantic relationships appear to influence sexual risk-taking among young adults, according to a new research published in the Journal of Sex Research. As far as the researchers are aware, this is the first study to directly compare; how heterosexual men, heterosexual women, and men who have sex…

Gastroenterology

Colorectal Cancer Diagnosed At Early Age

New research indicates that colorectal cancer diagnosed at an early age has clinical and genetic features that are different from those seen in traditional colorectal cancer diagnosed later in life. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also revealed certain unique features in especially young patients and those…