All news from Pathology & Microbiology

Infection

Cervical Microbiome: Promote High-grade Precancerous Lesions

Infections with a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) cause 99 percent of cervical cancer cases, and the disease’s first sign is often the appearance of precancerous lesions on a woman’s cervix. But bacteria may play an important role, too. New research suggests that the cervical microbiome may influence HPV infection more than researchers previously thought. In a…

Trump Budget

U.S. Democrats Blast Safety Net Cuts in Trump Budget as 'Malicious'

Congressional Democrats attacked U.S. social safety net changes proposed by President Donald Trump in his 2020 budget plan, with a senior lawmaker on Tuesday saying Trump’s cutbacks in programs such as Medicaid and food aid were “intended to do harm.” Trump’s budget is widely seen as a dead letter on Capitol Hill, where the Democratic-majority…

Tingle Wearable

Tingle Wearable Device Improves Position Tracking Accuracy

Wearable devices provide a means of tracking hand position in relation to the head, but have mostly relied on wrist-worn inertial measurement unit sensors and proximity sensors, which are inadequate for identifying specific locations. This limits their utility for accurate and precise monitoring of behaviour’s or providing feedback to guide behaviours. A potential clinical application…

General anesthesia

Ultrasound Offers Precise Invasive Way To Measure Cardiac Output

Currently, a practical, precise, minimally invasive way to measure cardiac output or heart function in children undergoing surgery does not exist. New research published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), illustrates how a novel minimally invasive method using catheter-based ultrasound to measure heart function…

Pharmacology

Cholesterol Lowering Drug Also Help Treat Cancer

Brazilian researchers have discovered that a drug regularly prescribed to control cholesterol can also be used to treat cachexia, or wasting syndrome, a condition characterized by rapid weight loss and muscle atrophy associated with extreme physical weakness. This condition is common among patients with chronic diseases such as cancer, heart failure and AIDS. Research Foundation…

Virus

New Plant-based Vaccine: Affordable HPV Prevention

Do you change the channel when you see an ad for the Gardasil vaccine? Maybe you are a man and don’t think you are at risk of acquiring cancer from HPV, maybe you aren’t sexually active, or maybe you don’t have the resources to get the vaccine. But research shows that in addition to causing cervical…

GARP Protein

GARP Protein: Target Against Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in both men and women. Despite significant advances in therapies for this particular cancer, the five-year survival rate is 12 percent, according to the American Cancer Society. Immunotherapies have emerged as a promising treatment for many cancers and are effective against melanoma, lung cancer, and…

Stress Hormones

Increased Stress Hormones Accelerate Breast Cancer Metastasis

It has long been thought that stress contributes to cancer progression. Scientists from the University of Basel and the University Hospital of Basel; but have deciphered the molecular mechanisms linking breast cancer metastasis with increased stress hormones. In addition, they found that synthetic derivatives of stress hormones, which are frequently used as anti-inflammatory in cancer…

Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis

A Possible Cure For River Blindness And Elephantiasis

Control programs for neglected tropical diseases caused by the filarial parasites; responsible for lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis have been operating; for more than 40 years; with notable successes in the Americas and West Africa. Nevertheless, it is; recognized that the transition; from control to elimination will require alternative strategies and approaches. In particular, global efforts…

Medical genetics

Genome Sequences Deduce Ancient Human Population

Australian researchers have used current hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome sequences to deduce ancient human population movements into Australia, adding weight to the theory that the mainland Aboriginal population separated from other early humans at least 59 thousand years ago and possibly entered the country near the Tiwi Islands. Molecular epidemiology The discovery is make …

Research in animal

Modified Immune Cells Issue Alert: Detecting Cancer In Mice

Stanford scientists were able to engineer immune cells known as macrophages to detect and flag cancer in mice. The researchers hope the technique can be used for early cancer diagnostics in humans. Immune cells imbued with the power to detect and reveal tumors could be a new method of diagnosing cancer, according to a study from…

Health news in Bhutan

Accelerating Mother And Child Health

The government of Bhutan has finalised the programme that is aimed at safeguarding the health of vulnerable expecting mothers, mothers with newborns and their infants. It is detailed and strategised, clearing a lot of doubts and questions. Whatever it is called – breastfeeding allowance, maternity allowance, or accelerating mother and child health – the intent…