All news from Rheumatology

Articular cartilage

Functional State of Articular Cartilage Tissue

Damage and degradation of articular cartilage, occurring in osteoarthritis, trauma and other joint conditions; leads to severe pain and reduced mobility. Current treatment strategies are mainly focused on controlling inflammation in soft tissue; while options for restoration of the cartilage. Scientists have reported an advanced imaging technique that allows the condition of joint cartilage to…

Painkillers

Painkillers During Pregnancy Is Not Responsible For Asthma

The research, which uses prescription data on painkillers; does support earlier findings that women taking paracetamol during pregnancy are more likely to have children who develop asthma. However, it also suggests that the painkillers are not the cause of this increase. Should give women reassurance to take painkillers during pregnancy when they are by a…

Children with anhedonia

Brain Function Associated With Anhedonia

Researchers have identified changes in brain connectivity and brain activity during rest and reward anticipation in children with anhedonia; a condition where people lose interest and pleasure in activities they used to enjoy. The study, by scientists at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH); part of the National Institutes of Health, sheds light on…

Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

Prognosis At Diagnosis In Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

Researchers have developing a method by which thousands of men with prostate cancer could choose their own treatment. The new tool could help patients determine the likelihood of surviving the next 10 to 15 years; the best course of treatment to improve their chances of survival. At present, only one-third of prostate cancer patients have…

General medicine

Vaccination With MMR Does Not Increase Autism Risk

Vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) does not increase the risk for autism or trigger autism in susceptible children, according to a new cohort study published in the March 5 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. “Our study is by far the largest single study to date and adds significantly to our knowledge on the issue, in that it allows…

skin diseses

Skin Diseases May Be More Prevalent Than Previously Thought

Dermatologic diseases are the fourth most common cause of all human illnesses, with approximately one‐third of the world’s population being affected by at least one skin condition. There are more than 3000 skin diseases that vary in severity and symptoms, from self‐limiting infections and benign tumours, to chronic inflammatory diseases and malignant neoplasms that cause…

Infant mortality rate

Reduced Geographical Inequalities In Infant Mortality

The infant mortality rate (IMR); defined as the number of deaths under the age of 1 per 1000 live births; can as a key indicator of the environment in which babies are born; more broadly, can serve as a proxy for the health of a population. After years of steady improvement; the English IMR has…

Radiotherapy

Solving The 'Catch-22' Of Rectal Cancer

Today’s standard procedure to treat rectal cancer includes radical surgery to remove the tumour along with the rectum and its encasing tissue (called mesorectum). After the surgery, the specimen is analysed in the pathology lab to assess, among other things, whether tumour infiltration has occurred into the lymph nodes of the mesorectum. Finally, clinicians consider…

heart attack

Exosomes Are Key To SOS Signal After Heart Attack

Human cells shed exosomes. These tiny extracellular, membrane-bound vesicles can carry cargo for cell-to-cell communication, ferrying diverse loads of proteins, lipids or nucleic acids. University of Alabama at Birmingham and Chinese researchers now report that exosomes are key to the SOS signal that the heart muscle sends out after a heart attack. After the heart…

Transfusion medicine

Squishing Blood Stem Cells Facilitate Harvest For Transplants

Scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Georgia Tech have found that modulating blood-forming stem cells’ stiffness could possibly facilitate mobilization procedures used for stem cell-based transplants. Temporary squishiness could help drive blood-forming stem cells out of the bone marrow and into the blood, but the cells need to be stiff…

Health in India

Digital Route In India To Improve Patient Health Outcomes

Abbott, the second largest drug maker in India, announced the launch of a new digital platform to improve patient awareness, doctor engagement, and aid adherence with treatment plan to drive better health outcomes. The digital platform called as a:care, enables consumers grant their doctor access to the health information they input. In addition it provides…

Irregular Heart Rhythms

Smartwatch App For Detection Of Irregular Heart Rhythms

Should an abnormal heart rhythm detected by a smartwatch in otherwise healthy young adults be treated? Are the benefits of this new technology worth the risks? Where is the technology headed? Answers to these and other vital questions will be debated during the Meet the Trialist of the Apple Heart Study on Tuesday at EHRA…