All news from Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Forensic medicine

Marijuana Is A Lot More Than Just A Pharmacologist

Medical marijuana is legal in 33 states as of November 2018. Yet the federal government still insists marijuana has no legal use and is easy to abuse. In the meantime, medical marijuana dispensaries have an increasing array of products available for pain, anxiety, sex and more. The glass counters and their jars of products in the…

artificial inteligence

Researchers Get Humans To Think Like Computers

Computers, like those that power self-driving cars, can be tricked into mistaking random scribbles for trains, fences and even school busses. People aren’t supposed to be able to see how those images trip up computers but in a new study, Johns Hopkins University researchers show most people can. The findings suggest modern computers may not…

Transfusion medicine

Younger Female Blood Donors Vulnerable To Iron Deficiency

Blood donation is associated with iron deficiency among both adolescent girls and younger adult women in the United States, according to a study recently published in Transfusion. Eshan U. Patel, M.P.H., from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues used data from the 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey…

Immune system

Narrow In On Cells That Drive Immune Response To Cancer

Immunotherapy, using the body’s own immune system to target and destroy cancer cells, is one of the most promising frontiers in cancer research, but many patients do not respond to the therapies for reasons not fully understood. Scientists at the Yale Systems Biology Institute have taken a step closer to understanding how the genetic makeup…

Tropical medicine

Netting Window Screens Can Reduce Malaria Parasite Infection

In an article published in Lancet Planetary Health, a team from Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) and the Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), provides evidence that even window screens with no insecticide suppressed mosquito populations and dramatically reduced malaria prevalence in the Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam. Led by LSTM’s Dr. Gerry Killeen, the study…

The need to focus on staffing

Worst-ever Emergency Care: The Need To Focus On Staffing

Responding to today’s figures showing another decline in emergency care performance; President of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, Dr Taj Hassan said; Both these figures and the fact that; this crisis is going unnoticed while the country is consumed by Brexit is deeply disappointing. These are the worst performance figures we’ve ever seen and…

Osteoarthritis

Caterpillars Could Hold The Secret To Treatment For Osteoarthritis

A substance from a fungus that infects caterpillars could offer new treatment hope for sufferers of osteoarthritis; according to new research. Cordycepin is an active compound isolated from the caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris and has proved to be effective in treating osteoarthritis by blocking inflammation in a new way; by reducing a process called polyadenylation. The…

Infection

Bacteria In Urine: Doesn't Always Indicate Infection

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a common finding in many populations, including healthy women and persons with underlying urologic abnormalities. The 2005 guideline from the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommended that ASB should be screened for and treated only in pregnant women or in an individual prior to undergoing invasive urologic procedures. Treatment was not…

Tissue regeneration

Nanofibrous Membrane Could Enhance Periodontal Tissue Regeneration

The management of periodontal tissue defects that result from periodontitis represents a medical and socioeconomic challenge. Concerted efforts have been and still are being made to accelerate and augment periodontal tissue and bone regeneration, including a range of regenerative surgical procedures, the development of a variety of grafting materials, and the use of recombinant growth…

Liver cancer

New Biomarker For Liver Dysfunction

There is an urgent need for an easily assessable preoperative test to predict postoperative liver function recovery and thereby determine the optimal time point of liver resection, specifically as current markers are often expensive, time consuming and invasive. Emerging evidence suggests that microRNA (miRNA) signatures represent potent diagnostic, prognostic and treatment response biomarkers for several…

Babies

Long-Time Knowledge Gap On Babies With Genetic Disorder

Milk can lethal to babies with classic galactosemia; a rare genetic disorder that severely impairs the body’s ability to process a milk sugar known as galactose and is with a host of neurodevelopmental issues. However, the fate of children with Duarte galactosemia a milder, more common variant has unclear. As a result, state-level recommendations on…

Pharmacology

Development Of New Treatments For Alzheimer's Disease

New research by academics at Royal Holloway, University of London, urges scientists that are looking to finding a cure for Alzheimer’s disease to focus on the role of proteins in the brain that cause Alzheimer’s disease. This change in focus could enable the development of new treatments. Effective treatments. It has long been recognizes that…