All news from Epidemiology

Outbreak

Cryptosporidium Parasite: In Minnesota’s Public Water Systems

Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan parasitic alveolates that can cause a respiratory and gastrointestinal illness (cryptosporidiosis) that primarily involves watery diarrhea (intestinal cryptosporidiosis) with or without a persistent cough (respiratory cryptosporidiosis) in both immunocompetent and immunodeficient humans. Treatment of gastrointestinal infection in humans involves fluid rehydration, electrolyte replacement, and management of any pain. As of January 2015, nitazoxanide is the only…

Endocrinology

Serotonin Can Regulate Gene Expression Inside Neurons

The brain chemical serotonin, a neurotransmitter long known for its role in passing signals between neurons in the brain, can also regulate expression of genes within neurons in an unexpected way, according to research conducted by neuroscientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published on March 13 in the journal Nature. The…

Common medications

Common Heartburn Medications Leads To Kidney Disease

Heartburn, also known as pyrosis, cardialgia or acid indigestion; is a burning sensation in the central chest or upper central abdomen. The discomfort often rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw. Heartburn is usually due to regurgitation of gastric acid (gastric reflux); into the esophagus and…

Concussion

Athletic Trainers Improve Concussion Management

The socioecological framework is a multilevel conceptualization of health that includes intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, environmental, and public policy factors. The socioecological framework emphasizes multiple levels of influence; and supports the idea that behaviors both affect and are affected by various contexts. At present, the sports medicine community’s understanding and application of the socioecological framework are…

Heart attack

Ticagrelor Is Safe And Effective As Clopidogrel After Heart Attack

Patients given clot busters to treat a fared equally well if they gave the standard blood-thinning medication clopidogrel versus the newer; more potent drug ticagrelor, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68thAnnual Scientific Session. The trial, called TREAT, is the first large, international trial to assess ticagrelor’s safety and efficacy in patients…

INFLUENZA

New Mechanism: Influenza-induced Bacterial Superinfections

Influenza virus infections are a common cause of illness, and they can lead to the development of deadly secondary bacterial infections. The historical record of these bacterial superinfections (BSIs) dates back to the 1700s with significant impacts noted during influenza epidemics and pandemics. However, laboratory studies into mechanisms of BSI severity have been largely conducted…

General medicine

FDA Chief Calls For Stricter Scrutiny Of Electronic Health

Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb on Wednesday called for tighter scrutiny of electronic health records systems, which have prompted thousands of reports of patient injuries and other safety problems over the past decade. “What we really need is a much more tailored approach; so that we have appropriate oversight of EHRs when they’re…

Mammogram results

Breast Ultrasound And Cancer Detection Rates Increased

State breast density notification laws that mandate reporting of mammogram results can prompt further screening and modestly boost cancer detection rates, say researchers at Yale’s School of Public Health and School of Medicine. Their study was published in the American Journal of Public Health. Healthcare providers About half of women in the United States in their 40s…

Lung cancer screening

Reduces False Positives In Lung Cancer Screening

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) may help reduce false positive rates in lung cancer screening while not missing any cases of actual cancer, according to new findings. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have developed a new lung cancer predictor that outperformed existing methods in differentiating cancer from benign nodules. Screening for lung cancer…

Health in Nepal

Nepal Records Over Five Lakh Unplanned Pregnancies Annually

Only 64 percent of pregnant women in Nepal obtain the minimum of four antenatal care visits; recommended by the World Health Organization. Every year, Nepal records around 539, 000 unintended pregnancies! Most of the pregnancies occur in the absence of modern contraceptive methods. According to a report prepared by Guttmacher Institute and the Centre for…

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding Can Erase Effects Of Prenatal Violence

How infants adjust in their first months of life depends on many factors, including what their mothers experiencing while they are in utero. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); 1 in 4 women in the U.S. will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime and that risk increases during pregnancy;…

Black Men With Prostate Cancer

Treatment Options Better For Black Men With Prostate Cancer

African-American men have the highest risk of  diagnosed with prostate cancer as well as dying from it compared to any other ethnic group in the U.S. This trend has remained unchanged for over four decades. Although research has focused on identifying the biological differences that may lead to this difference; there’s growing evidence that distinct…