All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

cigarette

Three Factors Predict Psych Events

Pre-treatment factors that increase smokers’ risk of experiencing neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPSAEs) when quitting smoking are unknown. So, to identify baseline smoker characteristics beyond the history of mental illness that predict which participants were more likely to experience moderate to severe NPSAEs in EAGLES. However, a prospective correlational cohort study in the context of a…

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy Is An Autoimmune Disease

Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered autoreactive cells in persons suffering from narcolepsy. This is a new, important proof that the sleep disorder is an autoimmune disease. This knowledge may lead to better treatment of the chronic condition; the researchers behind the new discovery believe. For many years, scientists have expected the sleep…

HIV patients with opioid dependence

Naltrexone Implant Helps HIV Patients

When patients with HIV who are also battling opioid dependence go without addiction treatment, they are more likely to stop taking their HIV medications than drug-free patients. While the daily oral form of naltrexone—a drug that blunts the effects of opioids—is one option to treat opioid dependence, medication adherence among drug users is known to…

cardiovascular disease

Lack Of Health Insurance Risk For Cardiovascular Disease

Aging immigrants’ risk for cardiovascular disease may be heightened by their lack of health insurance, particularly among those who recently arrived in the United States, finds a study led by researchers at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing. The findings are publish in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship. Health insurance coverage can play an essential…

Gastroenterology

Non Invasive Test Is Breath Of Fresh Air For Diagnosing Gut Diseases

Australian researchers have developed a less invasive and cheaper test to detect gastrointestinal illnesses  a breath sample. The new method developed at Flinders University in Adelaide, South Australia, would reduce the number of invasive procedures such as endoscopies or colonoscopies. Instead, patients with gut problems would be diagnosed by simply measuring the amount of the…

Marine Natural Product

Marine Natural Product: Anti-Inflammatory and Immunomodulator

Chronic respiratory diseases are some of the leading causes of illness and death globally. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis (CF); asthma can all fatal diseases that affect lung function by increasing inflammation and decreasing mucus clearance. Inflammation is a natural biological response;at a local site of damage or infection, it is an important…

Depression

Hormonal Treatment Associated With Depression

Men who receive anti-hormonal treatment after having their prostate removed are 80% more likely to suffer from depression than men who do not receive this treatment. This leads researchers to suggest that patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy should monitored for post-surgical depression. This is presented at the European Association of Urology congress in Barcelona. Increasingly…

Magnetic resonance imaging

Nano scale Protein Micelles Can Tracked By MRI

A team of researchers from New York University has engineered nanoscale protein micelles capable of both delivering chemotherapeutic drugs and of being tracked by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The innovation falls into the category of “theranostics,” meaning that it combines diagnostic capability and drug delivery, allowing researchers to administer therapy while also non-invasively monitoring the…

Hematology

Production Of Blood Cells And Immune Cells

A healthy adult makes about 2 million blood cells every second, and 99 % of them are oxygen-carrying red blood cells. The other one percent are platelets and the various white blood cells of the immune system. How all the different kinds of mature blood cells are derived from the same “hematopoietic” stem cells in…

atopic dermatities

Scientists Demonstrate Role Of Salt In Atopic Dermatitis

Salt apparently affects allergic immune reactions. A team working with Prof. Christina Zielinski at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has demonstrated in cell cultures that salt leads to the formation of Th2 cells. These immune cells are active in allergic conditions such as atopic dermatitis. The team also detected elevated salt concentrations in the…

shoulder arthroplasty

Underweight Status Increases Shoulder Arthroplasty

Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the glenohumeral joint is replace by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement surgery generally is to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint damage. Shoulder replacement surgery is an option for treatment of severe arthritis of the shoulder joint. Arthritis is a condition…

Health news in India

India’s TB Report Card Needs Several Improvements: Study

India has highest burden of TB mortality in the world. In 2017, India saw 4,21,000 deaths due to the disease followed by 1,55,000 in Nigeria and 1,16,000 in Indonesia. In 2017, India accounted for 27.3% of the global burden of TB. Air pollution levels and drug susceptibility testing are among several areas; that India needs…