All news from Neurology

Visual cortex

Inferotemporal Cortex Is Key To Differentiating Between Objects

As visual information flows into the brain through the retina; the visual cortex transforms the sensory input into coherent perceptions. Neuroscientists have long hypothesized that a part of the visual cortex called the inferotemporal (IT) cortex is necessary for the key task of recognizing individual objects, but the evidence has been inconclusive. In a new…

Sleep disordered breathing

Children Grossly Under-diagnosed For Sleep Disordered Breathing

Children are grossly underdiagnosed for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which includes obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and the symptoms may be wrongly attributed to behavior issues, as per research in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Sleep apnea and related conditions can cause lasting damage to brain development during crucial years. Thus, children with undiagnosed SDB…

Radio therapy

New IR Treatment For Inflammation and pain

Tennis elbow, the painful chronic condition that affects up to 3 % of the U.S. adult population, can be effectively treated through transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), an image-guided, non-surgical treatment that decreases abnormal blood flow to the injured area to reduce inflammation and pain, according to research presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology’s…

Spaceflight

Herpes Viruses Reactivate During Spaceflight

Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions; according to NASA research published in Frontiers in Microbiology. While only a small proportion develop symptoms; virus reactivation rates increase with spaceflight duration and could present a significant health risk on missions to Mars and beyond. NASA’s rapid…

Marine Bacterium

Purification And Characterization Of Marine Bacterium Arthrobacter

Chondroitin sulfate (CS), a glycosaminoglycan (GAG); is a linear polysaccharide with repeated disaccharide units of β-d-glucuronic acid (GlcA) and N-acetyl-β-d-galactosamine (GalNAc); which are link through a β-1,4-glycosidic bond. Both GlcA and GalNAc residues can carry different numbers of sulfate groups in different positions. In addition, some GlcA residues are epimerizing into Iduronic acid (IdoA); those containing…

Immune hematology

Autoimmune Diseases Are Related To Each Other

Researchers using the world’s largest twin registry to study seven autoimmune diseases found the risk of developing the seven diseases is largely inherited, but that some diseases are more closely related than others. These results is present Sunday at ENDO 2019, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans, La. Cluster of conditions. “These results…

Physical activity

Exercise Program: Multiple Benefits To Nursing Home Residents

Frailty is an age-associated syndrome of increased vulnerability when facing minor stressors that exposes older adults to a high risk for adverse health-related events such as falls, disability, hospitalization, institutionalization, and death. There is no unique internationally accepted definition of frailty, and in the past few years, several indexes and tools have been developed to…

Haematology

Childhood Leukaemia To Mistakes By Immune System

Genetic mutations that drive the development of a common type of childhood leukaemia can be traced back to errors by the immune system during the production of antibodies. The discovery by scientists at the University of Leeds could lead to new ways to treat a number of childhood blood cancers. Potential infections. The immune system…

General surgery

Obese Migraine Sufferers Improve Their Quality Of Life

For migraine sufferers with obesity, losing weight can decrease headaches and improve quality of life, researchers from Italy and the United States report. The results of their meta-analysis is present Saturday, March 23 at ENDO 2019; the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans, La. Family and social life “If you suffer from migraine headaches and…

Virus

Treatment Strategies In Hepatitis C In US Prisons

There are currently more than three million people in the United States with hepatitis C, a condition that can lead to serious and even deadly liver complications. In the U.S. prison system, the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is currently 10 times higher than the national average. And while new HCV treatment drugs…

High potency cannabis

Cannabis Tied To 50% Of New Psychosis Cases

Daily use of cannabis, particularly high potency cannabis; is with higher rates of psychosis; new research shows. In the first study to show the impact of cannabis use at a population level; investigators found daily users of high potency cannabis were up to five times more likely to have a first episode of psychosis than…

Emotional Experiences

Investigate Sleep's Role In Emotional Experiences For Teens

Researchers at the FIU Center for Children and Families are trying to uncover the role that sleep plays in processing emotional experiences, to improve treatments for youth with anxiety. The Emotional Memory Unification (EMU) study, led by FIU psychologist and Associate Professor Dana McMakin; is the result of a $3.6 million grant from the National…