All news from Emergency Medicine

Heart Attack Patients

Benefits Of Stopping Aspirin In Heart Attack Patients

Patients who stopped taking aspirin three months after receiving a stent to open the heart’s arteries but continued taking a P2Y12inhibitor—clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticagrelor—did not experience higher rates of death from any cause, heart attack or stroke after a year compared with those receiving standard therapy, according to research presented at the American College of…

Osteoarthritis

Disease Burden In Osteoarthritis Is Similar To Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) has viewed traditionally as a highly -prevalent; but generally, mild condition explained in part by universal evidence of “radiographic OA ” with aging, which frequently is asymptomatic. Even some patients being treated for OA in a rheumatology setting described OA in focus groups “as part of a normal aging process requiring acceptance; not…

Pharmacology

Rituximab Added To Chemotherapy Confers No EFS Benefit

Patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma did not benefit from the addition of rituximab to methotrexate-based chemotherapy , according to results of a randomized phase 3 study published in Journal of Clinical Oncology. “Histologically, more than 90% of primary CNS lymphomas are CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas,” Jacoline E.C. Bromberg, MD,of the department of neuro oncology at…

Icehockey players

Five-second Squeeze Test For Examining Groin And Hips

Five seconds is enough to assess the status of a hockey player‘s groin. For the first time, a simple field test, called the five-second squeeze test, has been used on icehockey players to see if it can indicate current hip/groin function and hip muscle strength. According to the new study from Lund University in Sweden,…

Dietary intervention

Time-restricted Eating: A Dietary Intervention Against Breast Cancer

Changing when you eat rather than what you eat may prove to be a dietary intervention against breast cancer, suggests a new mouse study to be presented at ENDO 2019, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans, La. A growing body of evidence indicates that obesity and metabolic syndrome–a collection of risk factors that…

ICU Model

New ICU Model Discovers Causes Of Health Emergencies

A new model for intensive care, developed by Rutgers and RWJBarnabas Health System, can help identify preventable—and previously overlooked—factors that often send chronically ill patients to the intensive care unit (ICU). The new process requires the ICU team—including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, chaplains and others; but to truly listen to patients and their families…

Influenza

Antibodies From Earlier Exposures: Response To New Flu Strains

We are repeatedly exposed to the influenza virus via infections, vaccinations and our communal environments. The annual flu shot is believed to be the best line of defense, and doctors recommend vaccinations every year because the flu virus is in a constant state of adaptation and mutation, rendering older vaccines obsolete. The conventional wisdom guiding…

Reperfusion injury

Scientists Find New Compound May Prevent Reperfusion Injury

In a strategic search, Johns Hopkins scientists created and screened a library of 45,000 new compounds containing chemical elements of widely used immune system suppressants, and say they found one that may prevent reperfusion injury, a tissue-damaging and common complication of surgery, heart attack and stroke. The Johns Hopkins team dubbed its newly discovered compound…

Children in schools

What Children In Schools Should Eat?

Bhutan today faces a burden of increasing overweight and obesity among children, which places them in the high-risk group of non-communicable diseases (NCD). This is happening at a time when concerns remain on hidden hunger, from malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, according to the education ministry. The 2015 national nutrition survey showed that 21 percent of children…

Geriatrics

Drugs At The End Of Life In Older Adults With Cancer

A new study reveals that preventive medications- such as those to lower blood pressure or cholesterol, or to protect bone health, among others are commonly prescribed during the last year of life of older adults with cancer, even though they are unlikely to provide meaningful benefits. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of…

General medicine

Eating Leafy Green Vegetables Help Maintain Muscle Strength

Popeye was on to something. Eating just one cup of leafy green vegetables like spinach each day may help maintain muscle strength and mobility into old age. Researchers from Edith Cowan University tracked the diets of 1420 West Australian women aged over 70 and found that those who ate more nitrate-rich vegetables like spinach; rocket…

Immune hematology

Aspirin To Fight An Expensive Global killer Infection

Research led by the Centenary Institute in Sydney has found a brand new target for treating drug-resistant tuberculosis; our scientists have uncovered that the tuberculosis bacterium hijacks platelets from the body’s blood clotting system to weaken our immune systems. Tuberculosis is far from eradicated around the world and still infects more than 1,400 people per…