All news from Tropical Medicine

biological control

Biological Control Of Insect-borne Pathogens

Researchers from INRA, CIRAD, CEA, the University of Montpellier; and Chicago and Vanderbilt Universities in the United States have developed; an innovative method for analyzing the genome of the Wolbachia bacterium. This endosymbiotic bacterium infects more than 70% of insects; and is capable of influencing insect transmission of pathogens such as dengue or Zika virus.…

Tramadol

Tramadol May Up Mortality Risk In Osteoarthritis

Few safe and effective treatments are available for patients with osteoarthritis. The main goal of medical therapy for managing osteoarthritis is to control pain while avoiding therapeutic toxicity. Tramadol, a weak opioid agonist, has considered a potential alternative to traditional opioid agonists in managing pain. Current American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons guidelines strongly recommended tramadol…

Geriatrics

Older People Are More Digital, But Aged Care Providers Need To Keep Up

Older adults are more digitally connected than ever, even though their uptake of internet-based technologies remains lower than for younger age groups. Today’s senior citizens are likely to spend their spare time tweeting about their social lives and Face timing their grand kids. This is good news because research shows that social interactions benefit us. Digital…

General surgery

Simple Parameter Help Surgeons In Making Decisions

Aneurysms form as abnormal bulges or balloonings over an artery; and, if ruptured, can lead to serious health complications or even death. Some aneurysms can exist for a long time without rupturing, and the surgery involved in treating aneurysms can be quite risky, so a parameter to help guide surgeons is needed. Today;l treatment decisions…

Drug delivery to brains of mice

New 'Pulsing' Ultrasound Technique Improves Drug Delivery

Scientists currently use long-wave pulses of ultrasound to deliver drugs, which can cause side effects. These new findings from Imperial on shorter-wave pulses could have implications for how drugs are used to help patients of Alzheimer’s and other neurological diseases. Neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s can be difficult to treat with drugs because they are often…

Anesthesiology

Nitrous Oxide Helps To Unravel Rapid Antidepressant Mechanisms

Ketamine has been intensively studied in psychiatry in recent years. Unlike traditional antidepressants, ketamine brings about its antidepressant effects very rapidly. A recent study conducted at the University of Helsinki, Finland, provides insights into the putative neurobiological mechanisms underlying rapid improvement of depression. Neurobiological mechanisms Since the discovery of the rapid-acting antidepressant effects of ketamine,…

Autism

Smartphone App May Boost Social Skills In Kids With Autism

A smartphone application that works with Google Glass might help kids with autism build their social skills, a small clinical trial suggests. Researchers found that over six weeks, kids who used the app at home with their families made greater gains in certain social abilities, compared to those who stuck with their usual therapy alone.…

Nuclear medicine

Repurposing Drugs To Outsmart Cancers

A 56-year-old female patient presented to her gynecologist in February 2013 with a palpable lymph node in the right axilla. Bilateral mammograms and blood tumor markers are obtain. Mammograms identified bilateral lymphadenopathy. With the exception of an elevate carbohydrate antigen CA19-9, all other tumor markers were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen and…

VIRUS

Insights For RSV Vaccine

In healthy adults, RSV, or respiratory syncytial virus; feels like the common cold with a runny nose; chest congestion and cough. However, it is the second leading cause of death in infants. In fact, nearly 40 percent of infants who contract this widespread virus develop severe bronchiolitis or pneumonia; with 1 to 3 percent hospitalized.…

Health in Nepal

Climate Change: Its Impact On Health

Although climate change is a global issue, the degree of implications is location specific. So adaptation of the common remedies, as per the principle of sustainable development, to mitigate the health hazards is recommended. Recently, we saw snowfall and altered atmospheric conditions around the Kathmandu Valley. High density of snow invaded the upper hills, unseen…

Infection

Antipsychotic Meds Against Bacteria That Cause Meningitis

A team of researchers affiliated with multiple institutions in France has found that a class of antipsychotic drugs known as phenothiazines was successful in treating a form of meningitis in mice when used with antibacterial agents. In their paper published in the journal Nature Microbiology, the group describes experiments they conducted with meningitis mouse models and…

Pharmacology

Taxane, Platinum Feasible For Adjuvant Tx In Endometrial Cancer

Taxane plus platinum regimens may be a reasonable alternative to doxorubicin plus cisplatin as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer that carries a high risk for progression, according to a study published online March 21 in JAMA Oncology. Hiroyuki Nomura, M.D., from the Keio University School of Medicine in Tokyo, and colleagues evaluated the clinical benefit…