All news from Epidemiology

Chinese Famine

Connection Between Chinese Famine And T2DM Epidemic

The Chinese Famine of 1959-61 has been widely interpreted; as an important contributor to later epidemics of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitis (T2DM); but in re-examining 17 related Chinese studies researchers; at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Leiden University Medical Center; found little evidence for this association. The paper is; published in Nature…

Oral mucositis

New Therapy Targets Painful Side Effect Of Cancer

Oral mucositis is a side effect of cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It is to affect nearly 400,000 people per year in the US and is by intensely painful sores in the mouth that can cause difficulty talking; swallowing, and eating. Pain from oral mucositis can become so severe that patients require feeding…

Bronchitis

Diagnosis: Lung cancer patient channels

Maryland resident and special education teacher Montessa Lee has been through a particularly arduous ordeal. Told she had inflammation; she was given medicine for her pain. But the pain returned. At her next visit, she was with bronchitis and given an antibiotic. But by Thanksgiving, the pain returned. This time, she went to the ER…

Prostate Cancer Cells

Prostate Cancer Cells Change The Behavior Of Other Cells

The tiny pieces of protein are taken up by the other cells; provoking changes that promote tumor growth and the researchers believe help cancer hide from the body’s immune system. The process has captured for the first time on video by researchers at the University of Bradford and University of Surrey.  The research focused on…

Adipose tissue

Adipose Hormone: Play Role In Obesity-Related Asthma

Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that secretes numerous protein hormones, including leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. These hormones generally influence energy metabolism; which is of great interest to the understanding and treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Therefore relative roles in modifying appetite; insulin resistance and atherosclerosis are the subjects of intense research; as…

Cartilage

Medicine Approach For Treating Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

Researchers at Tokai University report in the journal npj Regenerative Medicine a regenerative medicine approach for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. The researchers led by Masato Sato, fabricated chondrocyte sheets that have regenerative properties on temperature-responsive culture dishes to treat partial-thickness defects in articular cartilage; the tissue that is to difficult to regenerate. Osteoarthritis (OA)…

Hematology

A1c Blood Test Found Unreliable In Diabetes Diagnoses

Statistics published by Diabetes UK state that more than five million people in the UK will be living with diabetes by 2025; and in the last 20 years; the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has more than doubled. Author of the study Maria Mercedes Chang Villacreses describes diabetes as a “global epidemic.” Insulin-producing cells There are…

Experimental drug

Cholesterol, Obesity-related Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Scientists have discovered a novel molecular pathway for an enzyme inhibitor in humans; that plays a direct role in the development of high cholesterol and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; which they then were able to reverse in mice; with an investigational drug. The study results will be presented at ENDO 2019; the Endocrine Society’s annual…

Cell encapsulation

Novel Hydrogel Provides Better Cell Encapsulation

Tissue engineering is a medical solution that uses living cells to repair or replace structural tissue, such as blood vessels, bone, cartilage, etc. Polymeric hydrogels, in both solid and liquid forms, are used as a delivery system for living cells, acting as a protective layer to contain the cells for transplantation into patients to replace…

Marine carotenoids

Anti-Stress And Protein Activities In Marine Carotenoids

Stress has largely defined as a causative factor for a variety of diseases and premature aging; as marked by the early occurrence of age-related decline in body functions. On these premises, there is a continuous search and enrollment of natural compounds with anti-stress potential for extending quality of life in normal and disease scenarios. Cell-based…

Special Emergency Room

She Was Dancing, Talking Gibberish. Special Emergency Room Helped

Patients heavily sedated or shackled to gurneys for days while awaiting placement in a specialized psychiatric hospital; their symptoms exacerbated by the noise and chaos of emergency medicine. Long wait times in crowded ERs for people who show up with serious medical emergencies. High costs for taxpayer; so insurers and families as patients languish longer…

Emergency departments for medicine

Young Child Goes To ED For Medicine

Hydrogen peroxide is a colorless, odorless liquid typically at household concentrations of 3% to 5%. It is a weak acid (PKA 11.75) and a strong oxidizer. At this strength, it is commonly using for wound irrigation, hair treatment, and other cosmetic purposes. Household-concentration peroxide is wide as safe; with the rare case of harm after…