All news from Tropical Medicine

Potential for disease control

New Mobile Element Found In Mosquito Parasite

Controlling mosquito-borne illnesses, such as Dengue or West Nile virus, has historically been difficult due to a lack of effective vaccines and concerns about the environmental impact of insecticides. Thus, scientists have turned to manipulating Wolbachia, a parasitic bacterium within mosquitoes, as a way to control the reproductive fitness of mosquito populations that transmit human disease.…

Nuclear medicine

Advanced Imaging Technology Predicts Cardiovascular Risk

Using advanced PET/MRI technology, researchers at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) have detected arterial inflammation in regions that have yet to develop atherosclerotic plaques. The results from the PESA-CNIC-Santander study are published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). Because In the new report; the research team used this innovative technology…

Excess hormones

Excess Hormones Might Lead To Blindness In Women

Research led by the University of Birmingham has found that increased levels of hormones including testosterone could cause a brain condition that can lead to blindness in women. Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension—also known as IIH—is caused by high pressure in the brain; but with consequences from blindness to incapacitating daily long-term headaches. A IIH was originally…

Depression

Depression Tied To Increased Stroke Risk

Having a high number of depressive symptoms may with an increased risk for stroke, new research suggests. Investigators used data from the Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS) MRI-Sub-Study, but an ongoing cohort study of primarily Hispanic older adults who clinically free of stroke at baseline and followed for a median of 14 years. Results showed that…

Outbreak

Ebola Epidemic In DR Congo: Exceeds 1,000 Cases

Ebola virus disease (EVD); also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola; is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans; and other primates caused by ebola viruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks; after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Vomiting, diarrhea and rash…

Allergenic foods

Baby To Foods Early May Help Prevent Allergies

New parents worry about a lot of things, but the American Academy of Pediatrics; says one thing they can cross off that list is concern about giving high-allergy foods too early in life. In fact; the pediatric group says it’s likely better to introduce foods like peanut butter when kids are around 6 months of…

UnitedHealth's OptumRx accused of drug overcharges

Ohio Accuses UnitedHealth's OptumRx of Drug Overcharges in Lawsuit

Ohio’s attorney general on Monday said he had filed a lawsuit against UnitedHealth Group Inc’s OptumRx unit; saying the pharmacy benefit manager had overcharged the state nearly $16 million for prescription drugs. Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost’s lawsuit followed a probe into the extent pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs); like OptumRx had engaged in pricing practices…

Health In India

Study Charts Cesarean Delivery Trends In India

Had India fallen prey to the epidemic of cesarean currently affecting many countries in the world? Thanks to the data issued from the latest National Family and Health Survey, Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Alexandre Dumont, both IRD researchers, have been able to chart some of the main trends and differentials. What do we know about…

Heart Attack Patients

Benefits Of Stopping Aspirin In Heart Attack Patients

Patients who stopped taking aspirin three months after receiving a stent to open the heart’s arteries but continued taking a P2Y12inhibitor—clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticagrelor—did not experience higher rates of death from any cause, heart attack or stroke after a year compared with those receiving standard therapy, according to research presented at the American College of…

Osteoarthritis

Disease Burden In Osteoarthritis Is Similar To Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) has viewed traditionally as a highly -prevalent; but generally, mild condition explained in part by universal evidence of “radiographic OA ” with aging, which frequently is asymptomatic. Even some patients being treated for OA in a rheumatology setting described OA in focus groups “as part of a normal aging process requiring acceptance; not…

Pharmacology

Rituximab Added To Chemotherapy Confers No EFS Benefit

Patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma did not benefit from the addition of rituximab to methotrexate-based chemotherapy , according to results of a randomized phase 3 study published in Journal of Clinical Oncology. “Histologically, more than 90% of primary CNS lymphomas are CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas,” Jacoline E.C. Bromberg, MD,of the department of neuro oncology at…

Icehockey players

Five-second Squeeze Test For Examining Groin And Hips

Five seconds is enough to assess the status of a hockey player‘s groin. For the first time, a simple field test, called the five-second squeeze test, has been used on icehockey players to see if it can indicate current hip/groin function and hip muscle strength. According to the new study from Lund University in Sweden,…