All news from Pulmonary Medicine

Lung cancer screening

Reduces False Positives In Lung Cancer Screening

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) may help reduce false positive rates in lung cancer screening while not missing any cases of actual cancer, according to new findings. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have developed a new lung cancer predictor that outperformed existing methods in differentiating cancer from benign nodules. Screening for lung cancer…

Health in Nepal

Nepal Records Over Five Lakh Unplanned Pregnancies Annually

Only 64 percent of pregnant women in Nepal obtain the minimum of four antenatal care visits; recommended by the World Health Organization. Every year, Nepal records around 539, 000 unintended pregnancies! Most of the pregnancies occur in the absence of modern contraceptive methods. According to a report prepared by Guttmacher Institute and the Centre for…

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding Can Erase Effects Of Prenatal Violence

How infants adjust in their first months of life depends on many factors, including what their mothers experiencing while they are in utero. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); 1 in 4 women in the U.S. will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime and that risk increases during pregnancy;…

Black Men With Prostate Cancer

Treatment Options Better For Black Men With Prostate Cancer

African-American men have the highest risk of  diagnosed with prostate cancer as well as dying from it compared to any other ethnic group in the U.S. This trend has remained unchanged for over four decades. Although research has focused on identifying the biological differences that may lead to this difference; there’s growing evidence that distinct…

Forensic medicine

Marijuana Is A Lot More Than Just A Pharmacologist

Medical marijuana is legal in 33 states as of November 2018. Yet the federal government still insists marijuana has no legal use and is easy to abuse. In the meantime, medical marijuana dispensaries have an increasing array of products available for pain, anxiety, sex and more. The glass counters and their jars of products in the…

artificial inteligence

Researchers Get Humans To Think Like Computers

Computers, like those that power self-driving cars, can be tricked into mistaking random scribbles for trains, fences and even school busses. People aren’t supposed to be able to see how those images trip up computers but in a new study, Johns Hopkins University researchers show most people can. The findings suggest modern computers may not…

Transfusion medicine

Younger Female Blood Donors Vulnerable To Iron Deficiency

Blood donation is associated with iron deficiency among both adolescent girls and younger adult women in the United States, according to a study recently published in Transfusion. Eshan U. Patel, M.P.H., from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues used data from the 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey…

Immune system

Narrow In On Cells That Drive Immune Response To Cancer

Immunotherapy, using the body’s own immune system to target and destroy cancer cells, is one of the most promising frontiers in cancer research, but many patients do not respond to the therapies for reasons not fully understood. Scientists at the Yale Systems Biology Institute have taken a step closer to understanding how the genetic makeup…

Tropical medicine

Netting Window Screens Can Reduce Malaria Parasite Infection

In an article published in Lancet Planetary Health, a team from Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) and the Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), provides evidence that even window screens with no insecticide suppressed mosquito populations and dramatically reduced malaria prevalence in the Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam. Led by LSTM’s Dr. Gerry Killeen, the study…

The need to focus on staffing

Worst-ever Emergency Care: The Need To Focus On Staffing

Responding to today’s figures showing another decline in emergency care performance; President of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, Dr Taj Hassan said; Both these figures and the fact that; this crisis is going unnoticed while the country is consumed by Brexit is deeply disappointing. These are the worst performance figures we’ve ever seen and…

Osteoarthritis

Caterpillars Could Hold The Secret To Treatment For Osteoarthritis

A substance from a fungus that infects caterpillars could offer new treatment hope for sufferers of osteoarthritis; according to new research. Cordycepin is an active compound isolated from the caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris and has proved to be effective in treating osteoarthritis by blocking inflammation in a new way; by reducing a process called polyadenylation. The…

Infection

Bacteria In Urine: Doesn't Always Indicate Infection

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a common finding in many populations, including healthy women and persons with underlying urologic abnormalities. The 2005 guideline from the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommended that ASB should be screened for and treated only in pregnant women or in an individual prior to undergoing invasive urologic procedures. Treatment was not…