All news from Hematology & Oncology

Hematology

Production Of Blood Cells And Immune Cells

A healthy adult makes about 2 million blood cells every second, and 99 % of them are oxygen-carrying red blood cells. The other one percent are platelets and the various white blood cells of the immune system. How all the different kinds of mature blood cells are derived from the same “hematopoietic” stem cells in…

atopic dermatities

Scientists Demonstrate Role Of Salt In Atopic Dermatitis

Salt apparently affects allergic immune reactions. A team working with Prof. Christina Zielinski at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has demonstrated in cell cultures that salt leads to the formation of Th2 cells. These immune cells are active in allergic conditions such as atopic dermatitis. The team also detected elevated salt concentrations in the…

shoulder arthroplasty

Underweight Status Increases Shoulder Arthroplasty

Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the glenohumeral joint is replace by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement surgery generally is to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint damage. Shoulder replacement surgery is an option for treatment of severe arthritis of the shoulder joint. Arthritis is a condition…

Health news in India

India’s TB Report Card Needs Several Improvements: Study

India has highest burden of TB mortality in the world. In 2017, India saw 4,21,000 deaths due to the disease followed by 1,55,000 in Nigeria and 1,16,000 in Indonesia. In 2017, India accounted for 27.3% of the global burden of TB. Air pollution levels and drug susceptibility testing are among several areas; that India needs…

Outbreak

Cryptosporidium Parasite: In Minnesota’s Public Water Systems

Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan parasitic alveolates that can cause a respiratory and gastrointestinal illness (cryptosporidiosis) that primarily involves watery diarrhea (intestinal cryptosporidiosis) with or without a persistent cough (respiratory cryptosporidiosis) in both immunocompetent and immunodeficient humans. Treatment of gastrointestinal infection in humans involves fluid rehydration, electrolyte replacement, and management of any pain. As of January 2015, nitazoxanide is the only…

Endocrinology

Serotonin Can Regulate Gene Expression Inside Neurons

The brain chemical serotonin, a neurotransmitter long known for its role in passing signals between neurons in the brain, can also regulate expression of genes within neurons in an unexpected way, according to research conducted by neuroscientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published on March 13 in the journal Nature. The…

Common medications

Common Heartburn Medications Leads To Kidney Disease

Heartburn, also known as pyrosis, cardialgia or acid indigestion; is a burning sensation in the central chest or upper central abdomen. The discomfort often rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw. Heartburn is usually due to regurgitation of gastric acid (gastric reflux); into the esophagus and…

Concussion

Athletic Trainers Improve Concussion Management

The socioecological framework is a multilevel conceptualization of health that includes intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, environmental, and public policy factors. The socioecological framework emphasizes multiple levels of influence; and supports the idea that behaviors both affect and are affected by various contexts. At present, the sports medicine community’s understanding and application of the socioecological framework are…

Heart attack

Ticagrelor Is Safe And Effective As Clopidogrel After Heart Attack

Patients given clot busters to treat a fared equally well if they gave the standard blood-thinning medication clopidogrel versus the newer; more potent drug ticagrelor, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68thAnnual Scientific Session. The trial, called TREAT, is the first large, international trial to assess ticagrelor’s safety and efficacy in patients…

INFLUENZA

New Mechanism: Influenza-induced Bacterial Superinfections

Influenza virus infections are a common cause of illness, and they can lead to the development of deadly secondary bacterial infections. The historical record of these bacterial superinfections (BSIs) dates back to the 1700s with significant impacts noted during influenza epidemics and pandemics. However, laboratory studies into mechanisms of BSI severity have been largely conducted…

General medicine

FDA Chief Calls For Stricter Scrutiny Of Electronic Health

Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb on Wednesday called for tighter scrutiny of electronic health records systems, which have prompted thousands of reports of patient injuries and other safety problems over the past decade. “What we really need is a much more tailored approach; so that we have appropriate oversight of EHRs when they’re…

Mammogram results

Breast Ultrasound And Cancer Detection Rates Increased

State breast density notification laws that mandate reporting of mammogram results can prompt further screening and modestly boost cancer detection rates, say researchers at Yale’s School of Public Health and School of Medicine. Their study was published in the American Journal of Public Health. Healthcare providers About half of women in the United States in their 40s…