All news from Nephrology

Renal transplantation

New Insights On Common Post-Transplant Condition

Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Therefore kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor (formerly known as cadaveric), or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ. Living-donor renal transplants are further characterized as genetically related (living-related) or non-related (living-unrelated)…

Outbreak

228 Measles Cases Already In 2019

In a given year, more measles cases can occur for any of the following reasons: an increase in the number of travelers who get measles abroad and bring it into the U.S., and/or further spread of measles in U.S. communities with pockets of unvaccinated people. The U.S. experienced 17 outbreaks in 2018. Three outbreaks in…

Preeclampsia

Imaging Technique Can Help Detect Preeclampsia In Pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy by the onset of high blood pressure and often a significant amount of protein in the urine. When it arises, the condition begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. In severe disease, there may be red blood cell breakdown, a low blood platelet count, impaired liver function, kidney dysfunction, swelling, shortness of breath due…

Head And Neck Cancer

New Tool Predicts Post-Surgery Problems In Head And Neck Cancer

A new preoperative risk index can help predict short-term adverse events (AEs); following surgery for head and neck cancer, according to Canadian researchers. Surgical resection and radiotherapy are the mainstays of treatment for this type of malignancy, but as many as 40% of patients experience postoperative AEs, the team notes in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck…

Radio daignosis

Ultrasound Serve as An Early Bone Density Screening Tool

A small study has suggested that ultrasound of the heel bone could be a reasonable alternative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to distinguish individuals with low bone mineral density (BMD). “Using ultrasound to scan the heel won’t give us all the information we could gather with a full DEXA scan,” lead author Carolyn Komar, PhD,…

Hematology

New Method For Making Anti Leukemia Compounds

Chemistry researchers at Oregon State University have patented a method for making anti leukemia compounds that until now have only been available via an Asian tree that produces them. The synthesis of cephalotaxine and homoharringtonine (HHT) paves the way toward less-expensive, more readily available leukemia drugs whose production is not subject to the risks and…

AIDS

Young Adults: To Engage In Unsafe Sex

Gender, sexual orientation, and the desire to form lasting romantic relationships appear to influence sexual risk-taking among young adults, according to a new research published in the Journal of Sex Research. As far as the researchers are aware, this is the first study to directly compare; how heterosexual men, heterosexual women, and men who have sex…

Gastroenterology

Colorectal Cancer Diagnosed At Early Age

New research indicates that colorectal cancer diagnosed at an early age has clinical and genetic features that are different from those seen in traditional colorectal cancer diagnosed later in life. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also revealed certain unique features in especially young patients and those…

Small exercise

Short Walk Once-a-week Can Lower Risk Of Death: Study

It is well established that physical activity (PA) is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus and mortality. In 2008, the United States (US) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines; on PA recommended a minimum of 150 min/week of moderate-intensity aerobic PA (eg, brisk walking); or 75 min/week of vigorous-intensity…

Asthma in children

Ultrafine Particle Exposure Tied To Asthma

The prevalence of asthma in children has been increasing worldwide over the last decades. Evidence links ambient air pollution exposures during pregnancy and early life with lung function deficits in children as well as childhood asthma incidence (8-18). While most studies have focused on traffic-related air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter…

Pharmacists

Pharmacists Have Wider Clinical Role In Casualty

The first evaluation of pharmacists based in accident and emergency departments has concluded; that with additional clinical skills, they are able to take on overall clinical responsibility for patients. Daniel Greenwood a Ph.D. student from The University of Manchester; studied the work of people they termed Emergency Department Pharmacist Practitioners (EDPPs); from 15 NHS Trusts…

Astronauts

Herpes Virus Reactivation In Astronauts During Spaceflight

Latent herpesvirus reactivation has demonstrated in astronauts during shuttle and International Space Station (≥180 days) flights. Following reactivation, viruses are shed in the body fluids of astronauts. Typically, shedding of viral DNA is asymptomatic in astronauts regardless of mission duration; however, in some cases, live/infectious virus was recovered by tissue culture that was associated with…